Technology Use in Traditional Industries: Catalysts for Petroleum Refining
After the work of Irving Fisher, who formulated the main law of economics as an analog of the Claiperon--Clausius--Mendeleev relation corresponding to the Boltzmann--Maxwell ideal gas, the authors have developed this approach on the basis of the general principles of UD-statistics by assigning to the nominal interest rate the role of the chemical potential mu (with a minus sign).
Publication presents the authors' view of the key events of the past year and a forecast of development in Russia's foreign policy.
The article analyzes problems of planning research and technological development. We consider two lines of theoretical concepts of planning, i.e., economic and mathematical versus empirical and evolu tionary. Problems of the statistical basis for constructing economic and mathematical models of scientific and technological development are studied in detail. The example of Russia is used to show that the weakness of the theoretical framework of planning leads to inconsistencies in government priorities of scientific and tech nological development.
The report suggests an approach to analyze domain structure of science and technology. Trend monitoring in technologies and markets is described and formalized as the basis for the information analytical system.