What Do Emerging Technologies Mean for Economic Development?
Scott L. Newbert, PhD, is associate professor of management, Harry Halloran Emerging Scholar in Social Entrepreneurship, and Anne Quinn Welsh Faculty Fellow in Honors at Villanova University. His research on the socioeconomic impacts of entrepreneurial activity and valuation strategies for small firms has been published in numerous journals, including Strategic Organization, Small Business Economics, and Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice. He received his doctorate in strategic management and entrepreneurship from Rutgers University.
This book provides an impressive overview of emerging technologies, especially nanotechnologies and biotechnologies, and their prospective applications. It identifies and describes existing and potential markets for emerging technologiy-based applications, and projects scenarios for macroeconomic development based on these technologies. Integrated roadmaps for the development of a nano- and bioindustry are shown and policy measures and corporate strategies developed to advance these technologies. These measures are illustrated using roadmaps and policy case studies.The book combines a practical, comprehensive overview of the technical side of emerging technologies and their applications in various fields with an analysis of market developments and characteristics.
This paper deals with the creation of a new approach of roadmapping for emerging technologies on the example of applying nanotechnology for water treatment. The suggested approach combines revealing both possibilities of production and prospective consumer requirements in relation to innovative outcomes. The integrated roadmap allows revealing and estimating urgent challenges connected with insufficient water provision for citizens, setting goals for organisations working in this sphere and developing special measures to meet these challenges. This concept was used for roadmap development for nanotechnology water purification technologies with special emphasis on water treatment in Russia. The introduced approach is applicable not only for the sphere of emerging technologies but with some adaptation also for forecasting and strategic planning for corporations and government bodies.
The paper provides a number of proposed draft operational guidelines for technology measurement and includes a number of tentative technology definitions to be used for statistical purposes, principles for identification and classification of potentially growing technology areas, suggestions on the survey strategies and indicators. These are the key components of an internationally harmonized framework for collecting and interpreting technology data that would need to be further developed through a broader consultation process. A summary of definitions of technology already available in OECD manuals and the stocktaking results are provided in the Annex section.
The paper analyzes emerging technologies in aircraft and shipbuilding industries aimed at addressing common grand challenges. For this purpose, the authors propose a framework for global trends and technology identification in two fields of the transport sector based on scenario and roadmapping approaches. The suggested framework helps policy-makers, companies, and other interested parties set priorities, select innovation projects, and implement them based on a vision of a desirable future.
Due to limited energy sources and growing concerns about environment, secure, safe and sustainable energy has become one of the Grand Challenges at the global level. Likewise in many other aspects of life, energy is crucial for military forces. In parallel to the changing nature of warfare, the need for energy in military operations has increased dramatically. While energy consumption in the World War II was 1 gal per soldier per day, it was 4 gal per soldier per day during the Desert Storm operation in 1991. Not only the quantity, but also the type of energy required for military operations has changed dramatically. Shifts have been observed from individual man power to machines powered by fuel and electricity. Energy demand and type have changed further through the introduction of more sophisticated devices with new capabilities such as to enable night vision, designate targets with lasers, provide advanced sensing and communication capabilities and reduce human involvement in operations through drones and robotic technologies. Investigating the trends in changing nature of warfare and energy through review, technology mining and scientometrics, the present study develops future scenarios, and a strategic roadmap to identify priority technology areas and strategies for the future military energy R&D.
Nanotechnology is a rapidly evolving area of knowledge related to the development of the methods of study and control of the matter at the molecular level to produce materials, devices, and systems with new technical, functional, and consumer properties that were impossible to achieve previously. The rapid expansion of nanotechnology R&D carries not only promised benefits, but also potential economic, social, environmental, legal, and ethical risks. Tha paper introduces national regulatory framework for nanotechnology development and provides an overview of available statistical indicators for assesing its potential economic impacts.
Development of the russian energy sector seems to be rather promising (considering the speed and nature of the emergence of new technologies, such as digital power equipment, prognostic instruments, real-time payment techniques, etc.), however, there is no clear understanding of the potential demand level regarding specific technologies. frequently companies abandon research and development projects due to the uncertainty and risk of losing investments because of the absence of end-users. At the same time foreign suppliers of innovative solutions (including those for the energy sector) gain market power. Simultaneously, emerges the problem of strengthening competitiveness of the Russian federation regional economies in the view of tightening competition from foreign suppliers of innovative solutions including solutions for the energy sector.