Genome Editing Regulation in Russia
As for now, Russia has no particular law that regulates genome editing as such. Nevertheless, there are a number of instruments that can be considered applicable to this technology taking into account that genome editing is one of the gene therapy methods thus falling into the wide range of engineering technics used in medicine, biology and in medical biology (biomedicine) – i.e. spheres that are more or less regulated in Russia either nationally or through supranational treaties or recognition of international standards.
In this paper, three major aspects of the regulation in this field will be described: (1) gene therapy issues within medical and pharmaceutical law; (2) patent issues within general patent law; (3) ethical issues.