"Истоки" и "разделы": событие и память в польском историческом гранд-нарративе эпохи разделов
The images of the" origins " of Poland and the partitions of Poland as the key events of the Polish historical grand narrative are analyzed in the Chapter. The functions of different historiographical versions of these events in the national memory and the models of national identity with which these images are connected are considered.
The historiography of the XXIst c., which had been shaped by the influence of the so-called cultural turn, created a new field of research 'the history of historical culture'. This book presents a study of historical culture where the latter is approached through the synthesis of social, cultural and intellectual history. Intellectual phenomena have been placed in broad context of social experience, historical mentality and general intellectual processes. How did people view events (of their own lives, or of the life of their groups, but also of History) which they took part in? How did they evaluate them? How did they record and transmit information about those events while interpreting what had been seen or lived through? These questions are of great interest. Subjectivity combined with this information reflects views of a social group or of the society as a whole, but at the same time it shows cultural and historical features of its time.
The paper examines the history of dissemination in 14th-17th centuries in different european countries (especially in Eastern Europe), of one curious text, known as the "Privilege of Alexander the Great for the Slavs." Particular attention was given to the specifically Russian version of this text appeared in the latter half of the XVI century.
The reports made at the 4,h Mandelstam Readings held on September 18-22,2011, comprise the best part of the book, but it also includes other articles on the life and works of Mandelstam. The first part called Mandelstam and Poland deals with interactions between the Russian poets life and Polish culture, the second part offers several studies of the poet’s biography, the third part - the Studies - is made up by articles on different aspects of Mandelstam’s textual studies and poetics. The part Reflexions includes materials on Mandelstam’s perception in the Russian cultural history. The book comprises a wide spectrum of voices and different approaches to Mandelstam, from academic ones to poetic ones. Among those who supplied their writing for this collection are Adam Pomorski, Iwona Smolka, Pyotr Mitzner, Anne Faivre-Dupegre, Sergey Vasilenko, Irena Verblovskaya, Aleksandr Zholkovsky, Marietta Chudakova, Leonid Vidgof, Vladimir Mikushevich, Leonid Katsis, Oleg Lekmanov, Natalya Gorbanevskaya, Uriy Freidin, Pavel Nerler, Lada Panova, Roman Timenchik, Boris Frezinsky, Irina Surat, Pavel Uspensky, Anna Yeskova, Natalya Petrova, Heinrich Kirschbaum etc.
The article concentrates on the analysis of new tendencies in the theoretical foundations of historical sociology in the incoming new century. It focuses on the so called “third wave” in sociology which strangely remains unnoticed by historians. Meanwhile the representatives of the “third wave” rejected the fundamental principles of their teachers – creators of many famous concepts of modernization. The new generation in American sociology prefers to focus their studies on topics other than typology, searching for contingency, unpredictability, chains of events, path dependency etc. Here in conceptual approaches to the past social reality we find out deliberate and thought-out attempt to use transformed and formalized but essentially historical methods which are well articulated. The broader object of the research is the historical knowledge and the professional concepts about “subject and method”, the creation of interdisciplinary areas, mutual adoption and interventions.
Polish model of system transformation and its flexible approach to privatization of state-owned enterprises appeared to be successful. While the vast majority of East European countries as well as Russia suffered a GDP contraction, Poland goes on ahead, though at a slower pace. The article analyses concepts and mechanisms of privatization in Poland, reveals its strong points and opportunities which may provide Russian decision-makers with a necessary insight to develop strategies under Russian reality.