The volume includes papers devoted to valency change operations in various languages.
The paper discusses valency-changing operations in West Circassian (Adyghe), a polysynthetic language of the North Caucasus. West Circassian is a strongly valency-increasing language, which has many means that add arguments to the subcategorization frame of a predicate. Despite this, the language also seems to have several valency-changing operations which could be regarded as either eliminating some of the arguments or deriving intransitive verbs from transitive verbs. Yet, on a closer inspection such operations turn out not to be necessarily valency-reducing and/or transitivity-changing. The West Circassian data show that valency changing should not be tied with changing transitivity, as is sometimes proposed in the linguistic literature.
This paper argues that cases, adpositions, and converbal markers need not function as markers of syntactic dependency. It is shown that in Kabardian (West Caucasian), the constituents headed by converbs and postpositions as well as case-marked NPs can appear as independent syntactic predicates, although this may correlate with the degree to which they function as semantic adjuncts: the more adjunct-like a phrase is, the easier it may constitute a syntactic predicate.
The paper explores the space of semantic and formal variability of pluperfect constructions in Slavic against a wider typological background; the areal context is also addressed. The study is based both on parallel corpora and typological questionnaires. Keywords: grammar typology, pluperfect, polysemy,