In Bagvalal (East Caucasian), native place names show strongly reduced morphological inflection. They combine with spatial suffixes identical to those used on nouns and spatial adverbs and with attributive and plural suffixes identical to those of nominal genitive and plural and thus have mixed adverbial nominal morphology. Place names are unmarked in spatial function but marked in argument position. To occur in the latter, they require a nominal head with an abstract meaning such as ‘village’ or ‘place’. Bagvalal place names are syntactically adverbs rather than nouns. Considering syntax and morphology together, they constitute a morphosyntactic class intermediate between nouns and adverbs. Mixed properties of Bagvalal place names are functionally motivated. Place names are, first of all, locations (hence spatial inflection), but also territories associated with specific ethnic and sub-ethnic groups (hence attributive and plural inflection). I conclude by briefly reviewing evidence from some other East Caucasian languages, to show that Bagvalal is not an exception.
The article deals with the problem of the predicate number choice in the quantifier expressions with the definite quantifier meaning. On the base of the data for the last decade (2000-2010) from the National Russian Corpus the main factors that influence the predicate agreement are discovered. The special attention is paid to the conditions that cause the singular predicate.
The volume is the third issue of a corpora-based grammar of Russian. The volume deals with the issues of parts of speech and, more generally, with formal classes of lexicon, It comprises descriptive papers of separate POS and lesser world classes.
The book presents the proceedings of the International scientific Symposium "the Russian grammar: active processes in language and speech" (Yaroslavl, 17-19 may 2019), which took place in Yaroslavl state pedagogical University in partnership with MAPRYAL, ropryal, the V. V. Vinogradov's Russian language Institute and A. S. Pushkin's Institute of Russian language.
Articles by leading Russian and foreign scientists and young researchers on topical issues of Russian grammar modern Russian language and teaching Russian as a native language and as a foreign.
The paper discusses the competition between word order strategies in Russian, where an adverb modifying an adjective within a prepositional phrase may be itself either within the PP or to the left of it. Several factors are shown to condition the choice of word order, including the properties of the NP complement of the preposition, the choice of the adverb and, importantly, the length of the preposition. An analysis of leftward displaced modification in terms of the PF lowering of the preposition is sketched.
The paper deals with the development of predicate agreement with the quantifier phrase, containing "neskolko", during 18-21 centuries. Analyzing the data of the National Russian lcorpus and the results of statistic research of the 60-70s, as well as debating with the conception proposed by the author's team included M. Krasovitsky, G.Corbett and others, the author offers an explanation for the inconsistency fluctuations of the predicate in a number observed in expressions with "neskolko". Given the influence of speech sphere on a predicate number choice, the author concludes that the expressions, including "neskolko" demonstrates a clear trend to the choice of a plural predicate agreement.
The article is focused on the co-occurrence of different types of adverbs with participles of varying degrees of adjectivation in the modern Russian language. Examples of the use of adverbs and participial forms are given. Conclusions are drawn about the role of adverbs in the process of adjectivization.
The book is devoted to qualifying parts of speech: adjective and adverb.
The paper is focused on the influence of Theme-Rheme-structure on predicate agreement with quantifier phrases which contain a mention of an indefinite quantity. The author considers the dependence of the predicate choice on theme or rheme position of the quantifier phrase and reveals that the possibility of implementing different Theme-Rheme structures and its influence on predicate choice are unequal in the sentences with different quantifiers. The communicative conditions for singular or plural predicate agreement with quantifier phrases which contain neskolko, mnogo, nemalo, are described. The author concludes that singular predicate corresponds to the focus on the quantifier phrase (rhematic position or thematic position in contrast), the plural choice is conditioned by the focus on the other part of the sentence. Some specific communicative strategies such as superposition of rheme are considered.