Биосемиотика как инструмент интегративного трансдисциплинарного исследования
The author refl ects upon the book The Sources of cultural-historical psychology: philosophical-humanitarian context by V. Zinchenko, B. Pruzhinin, T. Schedrina. Moscow, 2010.
A semiotic interpretation of «I» is given, and conditions of existence of the I outside the boundaries of subjective reality (the possibility of «noumenal I»). We start by acknowledging the imaginary character of the I: in front of us is but a ghost, some «patterns», «compositions», «drawings», «charts» of some object X named «I» that are experience by me (who?), and some «texts» that describe the inner machinery of the former and its relations to the environment (and, among other things, to other similar ghosts of «You», «We», «They»). Further, we discover that «I», a symbolic formation within the psyche, becomes its own «object» (designatum) by mediating the currents of activity the individual generates as a physical entity. The real I is a form in which an individual exists, defined in the encounter of his/her inherent «subject less» activity with the cultural symbols (prototypes) of the I, «impressed» into the individual by culture. As a result of those encounters emerge the true subject of cognition, which constructs an image of the world (contemplative I, thinking I, receiving I, possessing I), the true subject of activity (goal-setting I, achieving I, influencing I, giving I), and the true experiencing subject (enduring I, coexisting I, transcending I).
Repina L.P. Theoretical innovations in modern historiography Summary: The paper analyses the radical transformations that took place in the theoretical foundations, methodology and conceptual models of historical science on the eve of the XXI century. The changes in research strategies of recent historiography are considered as an outcome of the fruitful interaction of different disciplines in the common space of social sciences and humanities. The author estimates the cognitive potential of new theoretical models aiming to restore the integrity of historical vision of the past.
The aim of the paper is to discuss different approaches to the toponyms and their usefulness for the study of the historical culture in the urban space. In this discussion author adresses Soviet toponimical heritage and particularly to the case of "Sovietskaya street" which is rather common for (Post) Soviet cities.
The article concentrates on the analysis of new tendencies in the theoretical foundations of historical sociology in the incoming new century. It focuses on the so called “third wave” in sociology which strangely remains unnoticed by historians. Meanwhile the representatives of the “third wave” rejected the fundamental principles of their teachers – creators of many famous concepts of modernization. The new generation in American sociology prefers to focus their studies on topics other than typology, searching for contingency, unpredictability, chains of events, path dependency etc. Here in conceptual approaches to the past social reality we find out deliberate and thought-out attempt to use transformed and formalized but essentially historical methods which are well articulated. The broader object of the research is the historical knowledge and the professional concepts about “subject and method”, the creation of interdisciplinary areas, mutual adoption and interventions.