О принципах составления списка источников и литературы в новом учебном пособии по источниковедению (2015)
The authors analyze some new principles for compiling a bibliographic list of publications of sources and research literature in the newest textbook on source study: selection of types of publications for the list, the structure of various sections of the list, the volume of bibliographic records.
The subject of the article is the "second ceremonial section", consisting of chapters 21-23 of the so called Golden Bull of 1356. The newly proposed reconstruction of the text structure of the Golden Bull demands revision of aĺl traditional points of view on this document. The article demonstrates relations between some aspects of pageantries described here with coronation procession in Aachen.
The article analyses the up-to-date principles of materials design in English language teaching. It is described how each principle comes to work in a new course for university researchers and PhD students. The conclusion is drawn that current methodological approaches have to be taken into account in order to create a course book able to meet the requirements of the new educational paradigm.
Revealed fundamental differences disciplinary formation and development of historiography and source study as basic disciplines of science history. It is shown that historiography is linked with the change of types of rationality / models of science. The main attention is paid to the source study, which is regarded as a sphere of science, which prerequisites of disciplinarily were laid in the Russian version of neo-Kantianism, and factors disciplinary formation of which became the ideological and monomethodological nature of soviet historical science.
The paper identifies two approaches in the formation of subject fields of historiography’s source studies, which differ according to their religion and paradigmatic grounds and, respectively, on the methodological and ethical consequences. First – inside the disciplinary framework of historiography, in which historiography’s source studies is formed quite traditional way, by analogy with the so-called source studies (actually thematic review of sources) other specialisations and research areas – source studies of military history, source studies agrarian history etc.
The starting point of the second approach serves as a source studies. This approach, developed by Scientific and pedagogical school of source studies website Istochnikovedenie.ru, realizing the idea of exacting scientific nature of historical knowledge and considering the historical source (including historiographic sources) as its empirical basis, aspires to rationality of the neoclassical type. Understanding the historical source as a result of a creative activity of a person / product of the culture leads to the following definition of the analyzed concept: historiographic sources is a group of types of historical sources, realizing the functions of presentation and positioning of historical knowledge, both scientific and socially oriented. In this case, the historiography’s source studies as a branch of source studies, has as its object of a specific group of historical sources – historiographic sources while maintaining universal source studies themes of the approach for studying them.
Examines the concept of historiographic source and shows the coherence of approaches to the definition of this concept approaches to the definition of a historical source, links these approaches with classical, non-classical and neoclassical models of science. Shown the value of the species classification of historiographic sources, which allows to evaluate them not only in terms of goal-setting of the author, but in the context of a specific historiographical culture. A special analysis s given for the notion of «monography» as a kind of historiographic sources, coherent classical model of science.
Utilizing the minutes of preparations of a manuscript textbook on the history of medicine (1948-1953), the authors reconstruct how it was decided to depict the history of world and Russian medicine; in so doing sacralizing the Soviet state and wildly overstating its care for the health of Soviet people. The archival documents allowed the authors of the article to show how the aspirations and interests of the medical elite in the sacralization of their own role encouraged historians of medicine to develop not a scientific, but an epic version of the past and to repress other versions through political accusations and condemnation of colleagues. The textbook, which had been created and discussed for a long time in the 1940s, was never published. Nevertheless, the authors' reconstruction of its aborted conception made it possible to reveal its enduring formulations in later Soviet and even present-day textbooks, and enduring capacity to shape a Soviet style historical imagination in doctors.