Языковое поле, прототип и речевая просодика
The article considers prosody as a component of the prototypical structure of oral speech and the redistribution of functions of the basic structure - the grammatical category in case of its neutralization. When constructing the basic concept of a prototype phrase, a functional-semantic approach was used to determine the center and periphery of the prototype. An experimental study has been performed to prove the hypothesis of the study.
Patrimonial and imperial orders mingle with other political forms of various kinds and dimensions into complex assemblages to produce a ‘flaky pastry of politics’. Their shapes could be investigated with the help of morphological analysis. It helps to identify morphological similarities that develop due to three different modes – descent, elective affinity and pseudomorphsis. The first part of the article provides methodological apparatus of morphological analysis to deal with specific paradigmatic variations of prototype forms within complex political orders. The task of investigating evolutionary and historical transformations of patrimonial and imperial prototypes is left for the second part of the article that is to follow
This paper presents an approach to dynamic component composition that facilitates creating new composed components using existing ones at runtime and without any code generation. The dynamic abilities are supported by extended type notion and implementation based on additional superstructure provided with its Java API and corresponding JavaBeans components. The new component composition is performed by building the composed prototype object that can be dynamically transformed into the new instantiable type (component). That approach demonstrates interrelations between prototype-based and class-based component-oriented programming. The component model proposed can be used when implementing user-defined types in declarative languages for event-driven applications programming.
A component model enabling to construct new software components from existing ones dynamically, at runtime, without their bytecodes generation is presented with supporting it software framework. The framework is implemented using JavaBeans component model, but is aimed to eliminate its drawback – the inability to create user-defined components without bytecodes generation. To construct user-defined component dynamically, a composed prototype object is built using predefined (hardcoded and/or composed) component instances; that prototype object can provide functionality required and can be transformed at runtime into a new component (instantiable type) whose instances are able to provide the same functionality, but more efficiently. The prototype object is composed using meta-components – the framework provided components to produce user-defined components dynamically.
The notions of “center” and “periphery” do not only pertain to geography, politics, economics, and culture. First and foremost, they are about values. Indeed, the ability to produce values that are meaningful for “others” provides an individual (a group, an institute, or the society) with the characteristic of centrality, while the acceptance of these very values by the “others” provides them with the characteristic of peripherality. Consequently, this is how the power of the “center” over the “periphery” arises and acquires legitimacy.
The history of the political transformations of the post-Soviet space is also about values. The Soviet empire has fallen apart mainly because it became incapable of producing values and stopped being a value itself. Since then all post-Soviet polities have been trying to find a new source of politically relevant values, both internal and external. The domestic difficulties in the post-Soviet states, conflicts between them, as well as troubles in the relations with its neighbours possess one basic reason – the center (centers) is yet to be found, and not a single contender was able to establish itself in that position. The article focuses on the different strategies used by the post-Soviet states to find and/or construct the “center” and the causes of its modest success.
Во второй части статьи прослеживаются основные моменты развития патримониальных и имперских порядков, а также институтов и практик. Специально рассматриваются каче- ства патримониев и империй как прототипических оснований властвования и политической организации, а также сохранение и модификация этих качеств в череде метаморфоз. Ана- лизируется проблема «гибридизации», сочетаемости патримониальных и имперских по- рядков друг с другом и с другими политическими формами. В заключение статьи ставится вопрос о настоящем и будущем патримониальных и имперских форм.