IEEE 802.11ax uplink scheduler to minimize, delay: A classic problem with new constraints
In order to meet the continuously increasing demands for high throughput in wireless networks, IEEE 802 LAN/MAN Standard Committee is developing IEEE 802.11ax: a new amendment for the Wi-Fi standard. This amendment provides various ways to improve the efficiency of Wi-Fi. The most revolutionary one is OFDMA. Apart from obvious advantages, such as decreasing overhead for short packet transmission at high rates and improving robustness to frequency selective interference, being used for uplink transmission, OFDMA can increase power spectral density and, consequently, user data rates. However, the gain of OFDMA mainly depends on the resource scheduling between users. The peculiarities of OFDMA implementation in Wi-Fi completely change properties of classic schedulers used in other OFDMA systems, e.g. LTE. In the paper, we consider the usage of OFDMA in Wi-Fi for uplink transmission. We study peculiarities of OFDMA in Wi-Fi, adapt classic schedulers to Wi-Fi, explaining why they do not perform well. Finally we develop a novel scheduler, MUTAX, and evaluate its performance with simulation.