Между психологизмом и логицизмом: от Вильгельма Вундта к логическим исследованиям аутизма
This text is concerned with the problem of the reciprocity between logic and human reasoning. This problem is illustrated with implementation of the theory of Wilhelm Wundt and a concrete investigation of the reasoning of people with autism and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) undertaken by Keith Stenning and Michiel van Lambalgen as case studies. On the one hand, the analysis of these cases reveals which of Wundt’s ideas are currently important for philosophy of logic and psychology. On the other hand, it shows the difference between the classical psychologism and the neopsychologism.