S&T Priorities for BRICS Countries: In Search of a Win-Win Strategy
Most of the developed and developing nations, including BRICS countries, have been devoting considerable attention to S&T priority setting for quite a while now, since such priorities serve as a basis for their science, technology, and innovation (STI) policies (OECD in Priority setting for public research: challenges and opportunities. OECD Publishing, Paris, 2010; BILAT-USA in Analysis of S&T priorities in public research in Europe and the USA, 2010; Gassler et al in Priorities in science & technology policy—an international comparison. Project report commissioned by the Austrian Council for Research and Technology Development, 2004; Gokhberg et al in Deploying foresight for policy and strategy makers: creating opportunities through public policies and corporate strategies in science, technology and innovation. Springer International Publishing Switzerland, Netherlands, 2016; Grebenyuk et al in Priority setting in the EU countries and the Russian Federation: The best practices, M.: National Research University Higher School of Economics, 2016; Cagnin in Foresight-Russ 8(2):46–55, 2014; Kuwahara et al in Foresight in Japan. The Handbook of Technology Foresight Concepts and Practice. 2008; Li in Research priorities and priority-setting in China. Vinnova Analysis, Vinnova, 2009; Pouris and Raphasha in Foresight STI Gov 9(3):66–79, 2015). Relevant efforts are mainly focused on solving strategic socio-economic problems, and making efficient use of national competitive advantages (OECD in Meeting global challenges through better governance. International Co-operation in Science, Technology and Innovation, OECD Publishing, Paris, 2012; European Forum on Forward Looking Activities in How to design a European foresight process that contributes to a European challenge driven R&I strategy process, European Forum on Forward Looking Activities, Policy Brief No. 2, 2015; Meissner et al. in Science, technology and innovation policy for the future. Potentials and limits of foresight studies. Springer, New York, Dordrecht, London, Heidelberg, 2013; Poznyak and Shashnov in Foresight-Russ 5(2):48–56, 2011; Sokolov and Chulok in Futures 80:17–32, 2016). S&T priorities are currently being set through a comprehensive assessment of their possible contribution to achieving sustainable socio-economic development, and strengthening the country’s competitiveness.