BRICS Innovative Competitiveness Report 2017
The Report predicts that the coming five years will witness the five countries keep improving in national innovative competitiveness, with China and Russia maintaining their strong growth momentum, India growing at a moderate rate, and Brazil and South Africa gradually picking up speed and climbing out of the trough. It estimates that the five countries’ national innovative competitiveness will be keeping steady growth by 2030.
The General Reports part presents a comprehensive analysis of the current status and achievements of STI cooperation between China and other BRICS countries and proposes priority areas of BRICS STI cooperation to provide valuable decision inputs for the BRICS countries to accelerate the improvement of their national innovative competitiveness. The Country Reports part respectively analyzes and makes predictions on the national innovative competitiveness of the BRICS countries based on a survey of their STI development and STI cooperation within the BRICS framework. The Thematic Reports part focuses on four thematic areas closely related to STI, i.e. digital economy, financial inclusion, energy, and agriculture, and offers detailed analysis of the STI development and potential of the countries in relevant areas, providing additional inputs for a further understanding of the national innovative competitiveness of the BRICS countries.
Most of the developed and developing nations, including BRICS countries, have been devoting considerable attention to S&T priority setting for quite a while now, since such priorities serve as a basis for their science, technology, and innovation (STI) policies (OECD in Priority setting for public research: challenges and opportunities. OECD Publishing, Paris, 2010; BILAT-USA in Analysis of S&T priorities in public research in Europe and the USA, 2010; Gassler et al in Priorities in science & technology policy—an international comparison. Project report commissioned by the Austrian Council for Research and Technology Development, 2004; Gokhberg et al in Deploying foresight for policy and strategy makers: creating opportunities through public policies and corporate strategies in science, technology and innovation. Springer International Publishing Switzerland, Netherlands, 2016; Grebenyuk et al in Priority setting in the EU countries and the Russian Federation: The best practices, M.: National Research University Higher School of Economics, 2016; Cagnin in Foresight-Russ 8(2):46–55, 2014; Kuwahara et al in Foresight in Japan. The Handbook of Technology Foresight Concepts and Practice. 2008; Li in Research priorities and priority-setting in China. Vinnova Analysis, Vinnova, 2009; Pouris and Raphasha in Foresight STI Gov 9(3):66–79, 2015). Relevant efforts are mainly focused on solving strategic socio-economic problems, and making efficient use of national competitive advantages (OECD in Meeting global challenges through better governance. International Co-operation in Science, Technology and Innovation, OECD Publishing, Paris, 2012; European Forum on Forward Looking Activities in How to design a European foresight process that contributes to a European challenge driven R&I strategy process, European Forum on Forward Looking Activities, Policy Brief No. 2, 2015; Meissner et al. in Science, technology and innovation policy for the future. Potentials and limits of foresight studies. Springer, New York, Dordrecht, London, Heidelberg, 2013; Poznyak and Shashnov in Foresight-Russ 5(2):48–56, 2011; Sokolov and Chulok in Futures 80:17–32, 2016). S&T priorities are currently being set through a comprehensive assessment of their possible contribution to achieving sustainable socio-economic development, and strengthening the country’s competitiveness.
The Russian Federation faces a variety of challenges in securing adequate investment in new knowledge and technologies and deriving socio-economic benefit from them. The global financial crisis of 2008 and the ensuing stagnation were exacerbating domestic weaknesses, such as the limited market competition and persistent barriers to entrepreneurship, which were hampering the growth of the Russian economy. Despite some reforms since, these challenges have intensified since mid-2014.