Институты, практики, знание: демаркация границ экономической дисциплины (случай "бухгалтерского" учета)
The article describes the evolution of the accounting knowledge from the simple registration technique to economic and social institution, in medieval Italy. It is shown that the institutionalization of accounting was completed to the XIV century, when it became a system of codified technical standards, scholar discipline and professional field. Examined the interrelations of this process with a business environment, political, social, economic and cultural factors of Italy by the XII-XVI centuries.
In the article the most significant milestones in the development of accounting thought in Italy are considered in terms of the formation of the modern concept of management accounting (MA). The core content of the Italian accounting school authors since the early Renaissance to the mid-twentieth century is compared with modern interpretations of the subject area and methodology of MA. In the theories and attitudes of theorists and practitioners highlighted the key elements relevant to MA objectives, functions, approaches. It is shown that the holistic nature of Italian theories leads to the interpretation of accounting as the general managerial science.
This paper describes the experience of the application of the design approach which is used in the HSE - Nizhny Novgorod in the teaching of accounting (financial) accounting, auditing, economic analysis. The stages of a complex project, as benefits of this approach and the problems that arise.
The paper deals with the problem of inventory making up at Russian enterprises. Negative factors of manual means of inventory making up are pointed out and the reasons in support of the inventorying process automation are adduced. The author illustrates by means of modern technical devices and software the advantages of automation in the process of inventory making.
This paper analyses from a financial perspective one of the most controversial of company assets, namely goodwill. The controversial nature of goodwill lies not only in its definition but also in its evaluation and accounting disclosure, giving rise in recent years to an important line of research centred on impact of goodwill on company performance.
The paper has a two-fold objective: First, to compare international and national standards of accounting of goodwill, to work out a number of suggestions for unification and optimising of accounting methods; and secondly to evaluate the impact of goodwill from the perspective of company value. The comparison focuses on the advantages and potential complexities of international standards highlighting the many problems and ambiguities that will arise in the application of those rules for Russia. On the other hand, we underline that both the acquired and the generated goodwill influence the value of a company and unifiacation of accounting methods is inevitable.
The paper analyzes the main problems of reforming the Russian system of accounting in accordance with IFRS, formulated the basic proposals for improving the process.