Смыслы жизни, укорененные в пространстве: ностальгическая идентичность жителей "заводских" районов
The article considers the main plots of the history of the Buran orbital ship, which was developed and assembled in Tushino in the 70s-80s of the last century. Based on empirical research, the main elements of the Buran narratives are highlighted, as well as the key plots of Buran’s “biography”. The article shows that involvement in the work on Buran is one of the important semantic elements of the territorial identity of Tushino residents.
The contemporary urban space is stressed to be complex, heterogeneous, multifaceted, interrelated. This vision of the new space constitution revives the idea of a palimpsest, as the latest embraces that very endless multiplicity co-existing in one & the same (totally urbanized) region. Lived / real-and-imagined urban regions are regarded as palimpsests with everyday practices seen as processes of (re)construction of new layers.
The palimpsestic idea of multiplicity of layers is especially useful in the Post-Socialist cities, as they are produced and reproduced through opposing, exaggerated, outdated or imposed imageries, and the meaning of Post-Socialism itself is multi-layered. Scholars studying the Post-Socialist landscape transformation focus on a certain value change creating that multiplicity.
The purpose of the paper is to present a theoretical framework of place as palimpsest combining the concepts of cultural geography (place as symbolically constructed), critical geography (thirdspace as lived space), regional geography and mythologies’ theory (constructing a place narrative), space semiotics (realizing the connections between those narratives) and place branding (the connection of brand identifiers to place identity) as embracing the complex multiplicity of Post-Socialist cities under the conditions of Post-Urbanity.
The methodological interconnections are used for a series of case-studies of outstanding places surrounding Moscow (Russia), from the search of the unique features of Yasenevo standardized residential district of the Soviet modernism of the late 1970s to the possible exopolis of Skolkovo Innovation Centre.
*The publication was prepared within the framework of the Academic Fund Program at the National Research University Higher School of Economics (HSE) in 2019 (grant 19-04-052) and by the Russian Academic Excellence Project “5-100”.
The authors of this article discuss different definitions of egovernance reconstructed from official documents and academic works, make comparative analysis of some cases of theory and practice of e-government and e-governance in the USA, the UK and Russia. The application of e-governance tools for solving the problems of urban space and city communications is the axis of the article. Thus, the case of Manchester serves as one of the successful examples of participatory inclusion of citizens in e-governance. The history of e-government forming in Russia is studied in the second part of the article. The authors speculate on why e-government in Russia has problems in transforming in e-governance and what problems of urban participatory culture it may inflict.