Elites Studies in Russia: Main Directions, Results, and Challenges
The essay strives to explore the causes of the "absence of the people" (as a political category designating the agency of political action as something distinguishable from the demographic and ethnic readings of the "people") in the course of the post-communist transformations of Russia. By and large, these causes are portrayed as rooted in the specific version of capitalism that has taken hold of Russia as well as in the Soviet legacy of oppression it upholds, albeit in a modified form. The possibilities of the emergence of the people (in the aforesaid sense of the term) in the post-communist context of Russia are explored in the concluding section of the paper.
This paper analyses the process of integration of Chinese military circles in the political process in the 1890s–1910s. This integration turned out to be one of the main prerequisites of the Warlord era in China, which in its turn significantly influenced the history of this country.
The article is dedicted to the analysis of metaphysical measurements of the transformations of Russian political elites in the post-Soviet period. In terms of metaphysics, we are talking about an essential change in the meaningful orientations of the Russian elites (and the mechanisms for their legitimization), which for the past five centuries have been shaped like geocracies (a layer designed to collect, manage and protect them), but eventually turned into nomadic entrepreneurs, focused on maximizing profits.
Legislators are entrusted with key parliamentary functions and are important figures in the decision-making process. Their behaviour as political elites is as much responsible for the failures and successes of the new democracies as their institutional designs and constitutional reforms.
This book provides a comparative examination of representative elites and their role in democratic development in post-communist Central and Eastern Europe (CEE). It argues that as the drivers of the transformation process in CEE, individual and collective parliamentary actors matter. The authors provide an in-depth analysis of representatives from eleven national parliaments and explore country-specific features of recruitment and representation. They draw on an integrated dataset of parliamentary elites for individual, party family, and parliamentary variables over the 20 years following the collapse of Communism and develop a common framework for the analysis of variations in democratisation and political professionalisation between parliaments and political parties/party families across CEE.
This unique volume will be of interest to students and scholars of comparative politics, elite research, post-communist politics, democratisation, legislative studies, and parliamentary representation.