Гендер и анонимность при построении виртуальной карьеры
In this paper, the problem of gender identity among e-workers is considered. The Internet market is a specific structure, where there is an opportunity to both preserve almost complete anonymity and arbitrary self-presentation. Due to existing prejudices of employers on the one hand and high competition with other Internet workers are forced to adjust their self-presentation, depending on the wishes of customers, in order to obtain more orders.
In the industrial era, work was the main activity for a person, determining its status in society, image and lifestyle, which undoubtedly influenced the formation of a certain notion of "good" and "bad" work, of prestigious and popular professions, and as a consequence, image of the "traditional" form of labor.
This study aims to analyse the tenure of head coaches in college women’s soccer in the United States and puts the focus on the influence of race and gender. The analysis includes individual characteristics of coaches (educational and professional background), team performance, institutional characteristics, and geographical differences (at the state level) from 1977 until 2015. The main results show that African American coaches and women have a significantly shorter tenure in these college institutions. Other factors related to the background of coaches and the characteristics of institutions also play a significant role. The findings are relevant for coaches from minority groups and athletic departments, who are interested in equity in sport. Future research may use an alternative approach to investigate the causes of tenure disparity in college women’s soccer.
We consider the problem of manipulability of social choice rules in the impartial anonymous and neutral culture model (IANC) and provide a new theoretical study of the IANC model, which allows us to analytically derive the difference between the Nitzan-Kelly index in the Impartial Culture (IC) and IANC models. We show in which cases this difference is almost zero, and in which the Nitzan-Kelly index for IANC is the same as for IC. However, in some cases this difference is large enough to cause changes in the relative manipulability of social choice rules. We provide an example of such cases.
The book presents materials of the section of labour law and law of social protection organized during XIV Annual international scientific conefrence of the Law faculty of the Lomonosov Moscow State University and the V International scientific-practical conference "Kutafinskie chteniya" of the Kutafin Moscow Stat Law University "Constitutionalism and legal system of Russia: results and perspectives" which took place at the Law faculty of the Lomonosov Moscow State University November 26-28, 2013. The topic of the section was "Constitutional basics of the labour law and the law of social protection". The book contains articles of russian and foreign scientists - leading specialists in labour law and law of social protection; difefrent points of views are represented concerning most actual and discussant problems of its development. The book is assigned to scientists, lectureres, students and all interested in labour law and law of social protection.
In recent years the role of anti-monopoly policy in Russia has grown significantly. The enforcement power of the anti-trust agency has increased dramatically. At the same time adverse trends in competition policy have emerged and strengthened. The main reason was, paradoxically, a growing role of anti-trust policy in the Russian government. The enforcement of anti-trust rules is expected to result immediately in control of the price level and/or support of a defined group of market participants (e.g. suppliers of food products). In this context legal rules are changing in a way that leads to an increase in the number of false positives (type I errors) in anti-trust cases. False positives not only impose a burden on the accused but also distort the incentives of market participants, restrain potentially efficient business practices and also paradoxically can prevent competition. This article considers three examples of adverse development of anti-trust rules in Russia: regulation of trading activity, rules on collusion and excessive prices of collectively dominant market participants, and rules on discrimination as an abuse of a dominant position.
Terrorism poses an undeniable threat to societies throughout the world today. Martyr terrorism, the latest growing form of terrorist activity, and arguably the most effective, has become a regular occurrence. But how has terrorist activity evolved in the last 100 years, and what are the ethical costs of terrorism? In this informative book, three philosophers, all experts in the ethics of conflict, examine the various definitions of terrorism and the nature of martyr terrorism. Through accounts of terrorist campaigns, from nineteenth century Russian terrorism, to the twentieth century campaigns in Ireland, Israel and Greece, and contemporary campaigns in Chechnya, Afghanistan and Iraq, the book explores the ethical implications of terrorism from a philosophical perspective. Setting out the social, psychological and political causes of terrorism, the book interrogates the cases for and against terrorist activity in terms of just war theory.