Роль межкультурных и монокультурных дружеских контактов во взаимодействии народов Дагестана
This chapter investigates the role of intercultural and intracultural friendly contacts in the intercultural relations of different ethnic groups in the Republic of Dagestan - the most ethnically diverse region of the Russian Federation. The study examined the association of intercultural and intracultural friendly contacts of the Dagestan ethnic groups representatives with integration and separation strategies. The sample consisted of Avars (N = 104), Dargins (N = 121), Kumyks (N = 45) and Russians (N = 101) living in Dagestan. Path analysis showed that the contact hypothesis was partially supported among groups having rather high status in the region (Avars and Dargins) or in the country (Russians); but was not supported among the group of Kumyks, perceiving themselves as a fairly disadvantaged group in Dagestan in comparison with Avars and Dargins. Positive relationship of intracultural contacts with integration and separation strategies was found among the unconditional ethnic minorities of the region (Dargins and Kumyk); whereas ethnic majorities of the region (Avars) or of the country (Russians) demonstrated only positive relation between intracultural contacts and separation strategy. The results of the research are discussed from the perspective of socio-cultural context of interethnic relations in modern Dagestan.