Problems of Information Security Technology the "Internet of Things"
In the article the questions of application of the socalled technology of "Internet of things". Analysis of the content and prospects of the development. Systematized and generalized information security of this technology, feasible solutions to existing problems. Detailed considered the triad of information security - confidentiality, integrity, availability.
The direction of cloud computing protection development is considered in the article. It is suggested to consider the structure of a queuing system based on processing data centers (PDC), as the combination of six components: the hardware PDC element; telecommunication PDC resources access element; users and the software associated to them; the «middle» PDC layer, providing calculating virtualization and including control system; application services, provided by PDC as the layer of application software for guest operating systems; data storage systems, especially databases. The ways of data protection in every subsystem, the directions of necessary development and the possibility of different security levels provision are discussed in the article. According to the author, the most complicated objective is to certify access control system in modern database systems like Oracle and DB-2.
In many organizations implementation of innovation is initiated by the management with application of so-cold “top-down” approach: strategic targets and key success factors with the initiatives of its achieving are formed and consolidated in different regulations, procedures, rules and instructions, which are brought to concrete employees later. The feedback from employees is occurred on the fact of initiative execution in form of corrective procedures locally, but the forming of innovation is still the top-management prerogative.
Such centric approach is mostly demotivating approach for initiative employees, who generate, implement and use innovation ideas. For this problem correction hybrid methods are used. The creation of special department inside the company is supposed to be done. It bears duties of innovation catalyst (usually R&D and HR departments have this role). Among other things this department is responsible for inspiration of average executive on development of innovation, determination and consolidation of corporate values and standards of behavior. In the end, the employees orientation on single corporate targets, the increase of corporate spirit would again “top-down” imposed and the department is just the retransmitter of values that are determined by the management.
How should the politics of relations between colleagues, clients and partners be naturally created and how to establish the awareness by the company employees of their personal responsibility and their personal role in corporate values realization, creation of innovation atmosphere inside the organization that does not resist the innovation? The approach, which is described in this article, supposes the forming of distributed network inside the organization with the transfer to it the general effort in the sphere of creating innovations and implementing the corporate ethics principals.
The article is based on the introductory part of the collection on “Material Culture and Technology in Everyday Life: Ethnographic Approaches” (2009). The author presents a brief review of concepts that have been lately employed in research on material or technological culture. He attempts to show that different disciplines do in fact use adjacent notions and concepts in thinking about materiality, and tries to delineate ways of bringing the different research traditions to a unified platform that could serve as a theoretical foundation for the complex materialistic study of technological culture.