Проверка трех гипотез межкультурного взаимодействия в России и на постсоветском пространстве: мета-анализ
Nowadays the global purpose of a foreign language mastering is considered to be the union with the foreign culture and the participation in cultures dialogue. This purpose is achieved due to the formation of the ability for inter-cultural competence that is acquiring the necessary level of communicative competence. The notion of communicative competence has many aspects and comprises several sub-competencies. One of the most important is considered to be the discursive competence which is the knowledge of various types of discourses and the rules of their construction and also the ability to create and understand them taking into account the communication situation.
In article the questions connected with diachronic intercultural interaction of Russia and Italy are considered. Interaction between the cultures belonging by different epoch, opens wide prospects for studying of forms of inheritance of cultural texts, problems of imitation, interrelation and interosculation.
The paper uses meta-analysis to investigate the evolution of returns to education in Russia during the economic transition. We present the evidence of strong increase in returns to education in the 1990s. The returns to education peaked at 8% per additional year of schooling in the early 2000s. Since the mid-2000s the positive trend has been reversed. We find that the estimated returns are sensitive to sample design, specification and estimation methods. On average the estimated returns are higher if one uses imputed (instead of actual) years of education and estimates earnings equation with the OLS. Among covariates, the form of ownership and settlement type (urban/ rural) has the largest effect on the estimated returns to education. Regional variables have significant impact on the estimated returns only being included into the earnings equation at the oblast (province) level.