Работа над электронной версией архива А. Р. Лурии
Alexander Luria is the founder of Russian neuropsychology, and his work is acclaimed worldwide. Since 2015, a research group from the Lomonosov Moscow State University Psychology Department and the Higher School of Economics' Neurolinguistics Laboratory has been working on a digital version of the Alexander Luria archive. This abstract contains descriptions of the key stages of the project: the digital system design development, systematization and annotation of the archive materials, document scanning, and the technical task and software development. We also present a showcase study of the unique archive materials that shed light on the history and methodology of neuropsychology, neurolinguistics, and cognitive science in general.
The analytical review of development of approaches to the structure of writing and the nature of agraphia in foreign neuropsychology is presented. In the first part of the paper the early theories (Wernicke-Lichtheim’s, Leischner’s, Pitres’, Chedru-Geschwind’s, Laine and Martilla’s, Barrière and Lorch’s theories) are discussed. The analysis is performed based on Russian neuropsychology statements where a set of two parameters characterizing the system structure of the psychic function is used. The first parameter corresponds to the internal structure of writing (the function of writing is treated as an undivided whole or a whole consisting of several components). The second parameter corresponds to the interfunctional relations between writing and other functions (describes if writing is a separate independent function or consists of components common to other psychic functions). In Russian neuropsychology foreign theories are traditionally considered as theories of narrow localizationalism. It is established however that in most reviewed theories writing is considered as a function with complex multicomponent structure containing components common to other psychic functions that provide the interaction between different functions.
The field of cultural-historical psychology originated in the work of Lev Vygotsky and the Vygotsky Circle in the Soviet Union more than eighty years ago, and has now established a powerful research tradition in Russia and the West. The Cambridge Handbook of Cultural-Historical Psychology is the first volume to systematically present cultural-historical psychology as an integrative/holistic developmental science of mind, brain, and culture. Its main focus is the inseparable unity of the historically evolving human mind, brain, and culture, and the ways to understand it. The contributors are major international experts in the field, and include authors of major works on Lev Vygotsky, direct collaborators and associates of Alexander Luria, and renowned neurologist Oliver Sacks. The handbook will be of interest to students and scholars in the fields of psychology, education, humanities and neuroscience.
Historism of scientific conception of S.L. Rubinstein which is the premise for the universality and fundamentality of scientist's ideas is grounded. Rubinstein's contribution to domestic history of psychology formation, to its principles, means of positive analysis and constructive critique of psychological approaches as well as its philosophic -methodological grounds forming is revealed. Based on Rubinstein's ontological approach the understanding of object and subject of history of psychology is given
This encyclopedia entry analyses the notion of a faculty with a special emphasis on the conceptual history of faculties of the soul between Aristotle and Ryle.
The book describes theinterdependent relations between the multilingualism and literary creativity.