Историческая семантика «прекраснодушия» в раннем русском гегельянстве
The article focuses on the diachronical development of the verbalization of the concept «space». The methods of the research are the following: 1) identifying linguistic units, the semantic components of which, represent differential characteristics of the concept, 2) describing diachronical changes and finding the most vivid and therefore the most culturally important linguistic units. We may conclude the following: the process of space conceptualization, which is a process of finding differential semes, varies in different periods of time; the linguistic mind finds the most adequate ways of cognitive characteristics of the concept verbalization.
In his article the author considers Russias problems in the context of Dresden. Three fi gures of Russian culture which have infl uenced European spirituality - Bakunin, Dostoevsky, Stepun - as fate would have formulated the most important postulates of their concepts was in Dresden. Near to them the author raises the congenial fi gure of Hoffmann, Wagner and Tillich. During the Dresden uprising in May 1849 Bakunin proposed to cover the barricade Madonna by Raphael. In Dresden Dostoevsky wrote a great novel The Possessed, which depicted the dire consequences for European culture Bakunin ideas that paved the way for Bolshevism and Nazism. In Dresden at 30 years of the last century in the texts Stepun and Paul Tillich arose again the theme of demonic.
In the world philology the discussion on identity of the prototype of Stavrogin, the primary character of “Demons” by А. Dostoevsky. This character is the key one for Dostoevsky’s views on Russian revolutionary radicalism. The author of the article finds a number of correspondences in the life and activities of A. Herzen and the novel’s character. Dostoevsky himself scattered numerous hints in the novel about its hero prototype.