Modern technological development can lead to change both external world of human being and its internal world, subjectivity. The question «what is a human being?» is becoming now an extremely important issue. The authors suggest a hypothetical answer on this question relying on philosophical, psychological and psychotherapeutic traditions. Such psychological configurations (and processes) of human subjectivity as individual, personality, essence, Self, individuality, indivisibility (and personalization, personification, individualization, individuation) are considered systematically.
It analyses polysemantic terms the subject, the personality, the selfhood and which form sincrets for example subjectivity of selfhood and etc. It reconstructs interpretation of these terms by G.G. Shpet, S.L. Rubinshtein, B.M. Teplov, A.N. Leontiev, etc. It affirms that the main theme of psychological investigation is the personality. On the ontological plane we have two ways of personality: down - to the subject - to a function or to collection of functions, to subject; and up - to the selfhood - to an ideal, to the limit of self-construction, to spirituality and freedom.