ОБЗОР ВЕБОМЕТРИЧЕСКИХ ПОДХОДОВ К ИЗУЧЕНИЮ ДЕЯТЕЛЬНОСТИ УНИВЕРСИТЕТОВ
Transformations of academic autonomy This is a theoretical sociological survey. The academic autonomy is considered as a metaphor symbolically defining the borders of the university space. The historical survey deals with the transformations of the academic autonomy in the USSR and Russia. Described are current institutional and global threats to the academic autonomy.
The article is based on the historical-sociological analysis of the models of science in Russia and Germany, which serves as a basis for separation of convergence and divergence phases in the process. “The turning point” from former to the latter is establishment of the soviet model of science which leaded to universities’ deprivation of research function and their transformation into clearly educational institutes.