Обсуждения учебника В.И.Авдиева «История древнего Востока» в конце 1940-х — начале 1950-х гг.
The Discussions of the Textbook “History of Ancient Orient” by V.I. Avdiev in the late 1940s – early 1950s.
Ivan A. Ladynin (Moscow), Natalia S. Timofeeva (Moscow)
The paper is built on the documents from the archives (the Russian Academy of Sciences; the Department of Ancient History, Faculty of History, Lomonosov Moscow State University; the Russian State Archive for the Social and Political History – RGASPI) added with the published reviews. It shows that the notorious failures and omissions in the textbook by Avdiev (its first and second editions of 1948 and 1953) were well demonstrated in the discussions of its manuscript and in the immediate reviews. The character of the criticism directed against the textbook shows that in the epoch of the “Stalinist empire style” (1940s) academic competence, and not the loyalty and orthodoxy of theoretical schemes became again the accepted criterion for evaluating a research or a university course.