АНАЛИЗ ФАКТОРОВ ПРЕДПРИНИМАТЕЛЬСКИХ НАМЕРЕНИЙ
The article investigates entrepreneurial intentions factors in Russia. The empirical analysis is based on Global Entrepreneurship Monitor data. GEM methodology for survey uses a multistage, stratified, probabilistic sample of 2029 respondents to represent the adult population of Russia between the age 18 and 64 years. The models of binary choice are applied to reveal the factors of entrepreneurial intentions. The results demonstrate that it is hard to predict intentions on the base of socio-demographic characteristics. At the same time perception of having appropriate knowlege and skills to undertake entrepreneurial activity, individual's acquaintance with someone who has opened a business, the previous entrepreneurial experience and assessment of environmental favorability for starting up a business in the locality where the respondent lives determine entrepreneurial intentions in Russia.
This paper presents an investigation of factors that form students’ entrepreneurship intentions. The purpose of this paper is to estimate these factors’ influence empirically with special interest to the education. On the basis of previous research, the model of entrepreneurial intentions formation is proposed. It includes media as the factor, which was not previously regarded by other research. To estimate the model, survey data has been collected in HSE – Perm and structural modeling has been employed. As a result for the sample, education influence is not statistically significant, while media is. In order to conclude, these and other factors’ influence is regarded as the foundation of educational solutions aimed to increase entrepreneurial intentions of students.
The current research hypothesized that individual social capital facilitates the implementation of one’s intention to start a business. The research samples were drawn from a sample of 2061 adult respondents: a sub-sample of 269 adults who stated their intention to start their own business during the next two years (‘intenders’) and a matching sub-sample of 270 who said they did not intend to do so (‘non-intenders’). The study shows that the ‘intenders’ possessed greater individual social capital. These resources had a positive indirect impact (through increased perceived behavioural control and attitude) on their intention to start their own business.