Крыши современного города: легитимация новых культурных пространств
This article analyzes the contradictions and problems of search for a new image of Penza and Penza region. The article draws attention to the symptoms of amnesia collective memory of the recent Soviet past in a regional context. Also author of the article discusses the contradictions of a new urban identity, which is reflected in the change of the city symbols, processes of media representation of the recent Soviet past, and the prospects of the Soviet museumfication in the urban context. The author raises the problem of the integration of the collective memory of the late Soviet period in contemporary discourse about the urban image of Penza.
book of abstracts
Les Roberts’ objective in Film, Mobility and Urban Space is to describe cinematic representations of Liverpool that result from the diversity of mobilities that form its cultural and spatial image. One may find two different interpretations for “mobility” in the book. The first one deals with “the ways in which film is located and embedded in the historical geography of the city” (6), and it therefore gives an overview of cinematic representations of mobility sites in the city (e.g. Liverpool Inner Motorway). The second interpretation explores “how ideas of the ‘city-in-film’ inform the wider geographical imagination of cities” (6) and refers to mobility inspired by cinematic images (e.g. tourism). This twofold interpretation allows Roberts to work on both cinematic and spatial geographies of the city, but at the same time to claim theoretical and methodological insights. It is the latter that I would like to outline in this review.
The article describes routs of visitors of museum-reserve Tsaritsyno (Moscow) after its reconstruction -- in the most popular and crowded "historical" part of the park and in the distant areas. In addition, we consider which type of visitors prefer certain routes, as well as how visitors experience space in different parts of the park (or different modes of perception). The article describes such modes as "consumption of public space", "romantic tourist gaze" and "existential" mode.
The author describes emotional attachment of three different categories of Muscovites to the Kitay-gorod area; they are (1) residents of this area, (2) tour guides who conduct city tours, and (3) Muscovites who often spend their time in this area. Different practices of using this space raise the question about local semantic mapping.
Regarding urban space as interaction between human and places, the author turns to mental maps. As mental maps require formalized and well-grounded methods of analysis, the basic method used in this study was space syntax method; other tools such as observation techniques, GPS tracking, and social and mental mapping were also used. Results show that three different groups of people provide different description of the same places. It was concluded that there is spatial order and semantic organization of places people are attached to.
The results of the study can be further used in urban development and planning.