Соотношение топиков и топикальных единиц, диктем, в передаче основного смысла произведения
The article examines the formation of monologue speech and the infl uence of linguistic laws of incorporation and contamination on this process. It contains analysis of the semantic structure of monologue carried out on the basis of key words and nuclear tones of theme centres and their prosodic depiction. The analysis was performed on spontaneous monologues. The results of the acoustic analysis and statistics data were obtained through the computer programme Speech Analyzer
The author focuses on prosodic markers of the dicteme as a minimal text unit, their role in accentuation and forming the prosodic picture of a dicteme. Basing on experimental data, the writer introduces ways of intonation stylization of a dicteme in two types of oral text – a spontaneous monologue and a stage monologue.
The report presents the results of study of the fictional text in terms of correlation of the local themes rendering as a whole its idea; the report introduces the notion of cumulative index of distribution of conceptual information. When analyzing the fictional text the method of mathematical modeling is used enabling to represent language features in particular mathematical models shown in tables. Using mathematics in linguistics aims to enhance reliability and accuracy of the methods of linguistic studies.
The article focuses on the notion of rhythm in literary prose as one of the principles of text organization based on recurrence of the themes. This research refers to the prospective field in modern language studies – discourse analysis, which deals with interpretation of structural-semantic units that are key to compositional, contextual and structural text organization. The aim of this work is to describe the linguistic markers of realization of thematic rhythm on different language levels and to discover a relationship between thematic rhythm and content of the text. We took the material of research from modern English prose and used functional-semantic field approach and quantitative method along with the methods of semantic interpretation and contextual analysis to identify a theme of dicteme and analyzed the ways of realization of thematic rhythm on semantic, syntactic and compositional levels of the text. The results showed that thematic rhythm can be realized through the recurrence of themes via contrast, parallel constructions, nominative sentences, and full or partial repetition of dictemes. Moreover, the results showed that thematic rhythm spares language means and helps to influence the readers’ emotional state and to attract their attention to the conceptual information contained in literary prose. The practical significance of the research is in its wide range of usage in the courses of such linguistic disciplines as text interpretation and stylistic analysis of the text.
The article deals with prosaic text rhythm which is considered to be a tool to organize the informational structure of the text. The minimal unit of text contexture is dicteme - an elementary topical unit of text.