Aramaic Incantation Bowls at the State Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg
The State Hermitage Museum (SHM) in St. Petersburg houses eleven Aramaic incantation bowls. Seven of them are inscribed in the Jewish Aramaic square script, one is inscribed in Mandaic characters, and there are three pseudoscript bowls. Six of these eleven bowls have been previously published (Shileyko 1921; Borisov 1939; Borisov 1969). The present paper is the first publication of the entire SHM collection, based on collations of the originals.