Festina lente: От культуры ускорения к культуре замедления
The subject of this article is the culture of acceleration in present-day world. The author analyzes some of grave social consequences provoked by the cult of speed and by the uncontrolled acceleration of various domains of life, such as “presentism”, i.e. the absorption of the past and future by the present time; social amnesia; superficial character of social changes; growing difficulties of selection of necessary information; danger of loss of culture acquisitions, etc. Some aspects of widespread “Slow Movement”, resisting this uncontrolled and total acceleration are analyzed. Finally, the problems of acceleration are considered in Russian context.
The article deals with the issue of historical self%understanding of contemporary Russian society. A nation’s civilization%wise self%determination is formed through mastering national history and learning the lessons of the social catastrophes of the 20th century. It is possible to transmit the social experience of the past to new generations by actualizing cultural values originally born within Russia’s religious, artistic and political traditions. Russian society should expand its discursive practices of cultural and historical knowledge, together with the sphere of public discussion of history and culture. This article looks at two potential implications (educational and cultural) of the current state of affairs.
The chapter is concerned with questions of civic values and civic identity as they are experienced by Russian people in the context of political-economic transformations of the last years, and especially during global economic crisis 2008-2010. Empirical findings from Russian Public Opinion Research Centre, Levada-Centre, Edelman Trust Barometer surveys are used to outline how tensions, distrust and civic irresponsibility expressed by respondents in the context of financial instability may amplify understandings of ‘citizenship’ and ‘civic identity’. There are several trends characterizing citizenship and civic identity in modern Russian society. The first is transformation of the common sense of ‘we-ness’ in case of individualism’s growth and increasing reduction of trust to economic, political and low institutions. The second is the problem of new values formation: while the ‘official’ political discourse admits more and more inclusive patriotic ideologies, ‘everyday-life’ and ‘network’ discourses develop estimative and ironical judgments of the official discourse. The third is citizens’ emigration intentions and the ‘status of citizenship’ characterizing self-perception of people as ‘citizens’ in relation to ‘non-citizens’, which is particular relevant to labour migration problem.
The material published is reduced and adapted to the format of "Polity" version of the analytical report on the results of an expert survey conducted in the framework of expert scenario-predictive monitoring "Russia 2020". The project was implemented jointly by the RAS Institute of Sociology and the ZIRCON Research Group in July-October 2015, with the financing of the RSF grant "Dynamics of social transformations in the socio-economic, political, socio-cultural and ethno-religious contexts" (№ 14-28-00218). The report was prepared by I.V.Zadorin (chief)., D.V.Maltseva and V.V.Petukhov. Expert survey was organized and conducted by E.V.Khalkina.
The authors examine how the social status of the university professor has evolved in Russia in recent centuries in light of the historical concepts about the enslavement and emancipation of social groups proposed by Sergey Solovyov and Aleksandr Gradovsky. They use the metaphor of the “slave” [nevol’nik] to describe the dependent position of the professor in the university. The word encapsulates administrative tyranny, the spread of subordinate and submissive mentality in the university environment, and the curtailment of opportunities for professional selffulfillment. The authors present the university administration as the main agent responsible for enslaving professors. Administrators represent bureaucratic power and act to advance their own social ambitions.
This book pulls together experts in the fields of economics and Russian culture, all participants in the Samuel P. Huntington Memorial Symposium on Culture, Cultural Change and Economic Development, a follow-up to the 1999 Cultural Values and Human Progress Symposium at Harvard University. As the sequel to the 2001 volume Culture Matters, it discusses modernization, democratization, economic, and political reforms in Russia and asserts that these reforms can happen through the reframing of cultural values, attitudes, and institutions.