Старообрядчество в политической жизни России начала ХХ в.: монархисты или революционеры?
The research is devoted to confessional-ethical factors of Old Believers entrepreneurship in Russia at the end of 17th 19th centuries. In the pioneer study are identified and analyzed confessional values, moral institutions and aims of Old Believers, which advanced their effective entrepreneurship (devotion to labor, notion of property, entrepreneurship and etc.) Is scrutinized the formed ethics of Old Believers economic activity. Conclusion is done about the transformation of Old Belief to a confessional-economical community, which development represented a non-etatist modernization alternative to the state one.
The article contains an attempt to apply the concept of "a history call" to Russia of 17-19th centuries. The Peter`s hyper mechanical and Old Belief possible answers realized in the history on such call are compared. In the words of V.N. Toporov, under Peter the chance of "organic development of the Russian society" has been completely lost. The old believers’ answer to calls was based on reconsideration of orthodox tradition in new civilization conditions and development of doctrinal provisions of pre-Pertine labor ethics and also the installations of the Russian peasantry and city layers which have developed earlier. In fact social innovation of old believers at early stages of society modernization had larger spread and, in this sense, had more efficiency, than the state efforts. As a result, in relation to the state modernization the Old Belief represented by itself the realization of parallel and alternative national modernization – non-statist by character, based on tradition and realized out of the European system of values
This documentary edited collection is based upon the field research of the Moscow University scholars in the villages of Viatka where the Old Believers allowed to copy their manuscript heritage. It is devoted to Southern Viatka, a region populated by different denominations of the Orthodox Old Belief. It includes the historical and polemical writings, community correspondence, and the folk hermeneutics. Published together, they reconstruct the local history of the Old Believers and also add to our knowledge of the Old Believers of the Volga area, Udmurtia, and other Russian regions.