Новгородцы Пушкины в годы Смуты
The chaper is on the representatives of Novgorod branch of Pushkin family who participated in the events of the Time of Troubles
In the works on the history of the Russian Zemsky Sobors, there is a tradition to draw parallels between the Sobors and organs of class-representative power in European countries at XVI – XVII centuries (the English Parliament, the French States General, the Spanish Cortes).It is believed that the the end of XVI – early XVII century and especially the Time of Troubles was the heyday of Zemsky Sobors (when a weak Central government in the conditions of the civil war, had to look for support in the organs of class representation). Meanwhile, the analysis of historical sources doesn`t allow to assume that at the very period the Zemsky Sobors played a greater role than it was previously. Even the most studied Zemsky Sobors - the elective Sobors in 1598 and 1613, were held with serious violations of election procedures, the representatives of the provinces were not represented to the extent that it was written in the official documents. The question of the place of the Zemsky Sobors in the political system of the Moscow state at the beginning of the XVII century requires further analysis.
The article is a preliminary publication of the birchbark documents found in Novgorod during the archeological season of 2014.
The article deal with the volume of Novgorod record books of early 17th century hold in Riksarkivet, Stockholm. Two types of record books are revealed. Also the appearance of so called “alive quarter” in early 17th century Novgorod is fixed
In the present article two eleventh-century phrases inscribed many times on the walls of the St Sophia Cathedral in Novgorod (коуни рони and парехъ мари) are shown to be of Semitic provenance. The authors provide the linguistic arguments which support the claim of a Hebrew source for коуни рони and a Syriac one for парехъ мари. In addition, we offer a reconstruction of the historical pragmatic context in which the phrases can be situated. It is proposed that the коуни рони inscriptions can be connected with the seizure of Novgorod and the plundering of St Sophia by Vseslav of Polotsk in the year 1066. They should be regarded as the oldest tangible proof of contacts with Jews and Hebrew in Rus’. In the case of the парехъ мари inscriptions, the hypothesis is put forward that the author was a certain Efrem, a local citizen, possibly a clergyman, who was a Syrian by descent.
The article concerns the problematic of making prosopographical research on the basis of the data from so called “Novgorod Occupation Archives” – the archives of early 17th century Novgorod Official Court.