От политической бдительности к «разумной общительности»: советский выездной туризм в 1980-е годы
The article considers the Soviet outbound tourism of the eighties of the last century, who became the last decade of Soviet history. Period sharp turns in domestic and especially in foreign policy could not be reflected in the field of international, including foreign tourism. To limit the monopoly of trade unions and reducing the level requirements for traveling to overseas tours in the second half of the 1980s. (especially after 1988) have changed not only the size but also the nature of outbound tourism due to the growth in the number of business trips in capitalist countries and educational tourism in the English-speaking States. Of course, for the Soviet outbound tourism, along with a narrow geographical focus (more than 90% of the total tourist flow was accounted for by the socialist countries and Finland), characteristic and quantitative limitations in comparison with Western countries. Even in the second half of the 1980s, outbound tourism was less than 1% of the total world tourist flow. However, the weakening of the "iron curtain" was slowly destroyed the confidence of the Soviet people in the advantages of the Soviet way of life over the West.In the second half of the 1980s, the Soviet field acquired all the signs of "shopping tourism". Thus he became not only increasingly expanding channel penetration in the Soviet Union of the values of the Western world, but a peculiar form of dialogue between the West and the East, breaking the "iron barrier" in the minds of the representatives of the two "camps".