Общеправовые принципы запрещения принудительного труда и дискриминации в сфере труда в законодательстве России
The chapter is about legal principles of prohibition of forced labour and discrimination at work in the Russian legislation.
The book presents materials of the section of labour law and law of social protection organized during XIV Annual international scientific conefrence of the Law faculty of the Lomonosov Moscow State University and the V International scientific-practical conference "Kutafinskie chteniya" of the Kutafin Moscow Stat Law University "Constitutionalism and legal system of Russia: results and perspectives" which took place at the Law faculty of the Lomonosov Moscow State University November 26-28, 2013. The topic of the section was "Constitutional basics of the labour law and the law of social protection". The book contains articles of russian and foreign scientists - leading specialists in labour law and law of social protection; difefrent points of views are represented concerning most actual and discussant problems of its development. The book is assigned to scientists, lectureres, students and all interested in labour law and law of social protection.
In recent years the role of anti-monopoly policy in Russia has grown significantly. The enforcement power of the anti-trust agency has increased dramatically. At the same time adverse trends in competition policy have emerged and strengthened. The main reason was, paradoxically, a growing role of anti-trust policy in the Russian government. The enforcement of anti-trust rules is expected to result immediately in control of the price level and/or support of a defined group of market participants (e.g. suppliers of food products). In this context legal rules are changing in a way that leads to an increase in the number of false positives (type I errors) in anti-trust cases. False positives not only impose a burden on the accused but also distort the incentives of market participants, restrain potentially efficient business practices and also paradoxically can prevent competition. This article considers three examples of adverse development of anti-trust rules in Russia: regulation of trading activity, rules on collusion and excessive prices of collectively dominant market participants, and rules on discrimination as an abuse of a dominant position.
The legal concept and legislative regulation of the principle of prohibition of discrimination is beeng analysed . We also discuss changes of Russian legislation aimed to strengthen protection against discrimination during applying for jobs and disseminating of information with discriminatory requirement concerning vacancies. The article analyses the effectiveness of these provisions .
The article covers the forced labour issue, forsed laboor scemes
Terrorism poses an undeniable threat to societies throughout the world today. Martyr terrorism, the latest growing form of terrorist activity, and arguably the most effective, has become a regular occurrence. But how has terrorist activity evolved in the last 100 years, and what are the ethical costs of terrorism? In this informative book, three philosophers, all experts in the ethics of conflict, examine the various definitions of terrorism and the nature of martyr terrorism. Through accounts of terrorist campaigns, from nineteenth century Russian terrorism, to the twentieth century campaigns in Ireland, Israel and Greece, and contemporary campaigns in Chechnya, Afghanistan and Iraq, the book explores the ethical implications of terrorism from a philosophical perspective. Setting out the social, psychological and political causes of terrorism, the book interrogates the cases for and against terrorist activity in terms of just war theory.