Эконометрическое моделирование влияния продовольственного эмбарго на уровень затрат жителей Санкт-Петербурга
The research was carried out an econometric analysis of the relationship of food spending residents of St. Petersburg on a number of factors. It has been established that the presence of the food embargo and the rise in oil prices increases the cost of food. High GDP growth reduces them. CPI product category affects differently.
The work is devoted to the mechanisms of preference policy in public procurement system in Russia. The paper discusses the technologies and risks of the preference policy of government in the public contracting and justify the need for the balance between preferential support and open competition.
This article examines the relationship between import of components and export of products in Russian manufacturing companies. We test whether the import of components and semi-finished goods for further processing increases export intensity and innovativeness of export at the firm level. Additionally, the effect of imports of equipment and other means of production on the competitiveness of exports is tested. We employ cross-sectional data for 895 manufacturing firms in Russia in 2014 which comes from the RUFIGE database. To test the hypothesis, we use probit regression. The study shows that import of high-tech components provides higher competitiveness in export markets and is associated with higher share of export revenues in Russian manufacturing firms. We also find a positive impact of imports of machinery and equipment on the export of high-tech products in Russian manufacturing firms.
This article considers the state of the Russian meat sector under the influence of counter measure to sanctions against the Russian Federation. The author determines features and key changes in the industry and identify the causes of them. The article also describes method for the further development of the industry through the development of clusters at the regional level.
The article is devoted to the practical aspects of procurement procedures in the medical organizations according to Russian public procurement law. The paper discusses the peculiarities and risks of purchasing procedures of medicines, medical tools and equipment in the budgetary medical organizations.
The Chapter describes the concept of import substitution and the approaches of different authors to this concept. The main emphasis is on the fact that import substitution is part of the state economic policy. The historical aspects of the emergence of this concept are considered.
Following Western and American trends, modern Russian society is going through a change in consumption patterns, particularly related to food products. After Russia’s transition from a “deficit society” to “a society of (over)consumption,” the question regarding the further direction of development arises. If Western countries are now moving toward “conscious consumption,” which is ideologically based on environmental concerns, then Russia has yet to make a choice. In this regard, it is necessary to understand how Russian food management will develop in the future. For this paper, an indicator often bypassed by researchers in the study of nutrition practices was chosen—food wasting. This research is based on 22 in-depth interviews and attempts to identify the semantic contexts that keep informants from wasting food or that stimulate food waste food. According to the results of the study, it became clear that, in addition to the expected rational attitudes tied to the optimization of food management, this issue is interpreted in terms of informants’ values, coupled with the social embeddedness of their practices of throwing out or saving food products, whose roots originate in the Soviet past and are transmitted from generation to generation.
The monograph reveals one of the Central perspectives of import substitution, which is not a simple increase in production volumes, but a reduction in the costs of both production and circulation, based on the use of advanced technologies corresponding to higher technological structures. The monograph is intended for students and postgraduates, as well as a wide range of readers interested in the possibilities of mareting as a concept of company management.