Факторы, влияющие на развитие автономии изучающего иностранный язык.
The article examines the reasons for low motivation for autonomous learning and focuses on the review of the research carried out to identify students’ interpretation of the following key notions: “motivation strategies” and “autonomous learning” in relation to learning foreign languages. The article considers the interrelation between motivation and autonomous learning, presents key motivation strategies and teaching techniques that students see as the best for their academic achievement.
The subject matter of the article lies between public law and economics. The article contains sources of legal regulation in state corporations, ways of their forming, jurisdiction, priorities and results of its activities achieved in western democracies. The author stresses the dependence of effectiveness of this public law institute on checks and balances as well as individual responsibility, responsibility for doings and refraining from doing by authorities, reputation of officials.
How can we motivate students, patients, employees, and athletes? What helps us achieve our goals, improve our well-being, and grow as human beings? Motivation and volition are issues that everyone grapples with in facing the challenges of everyday life. This unique and comprehensive book by leading international researchers takes a genuinely integrative view on motivation and volition from the perspective of personality systems interactions (PSI) theory of Julius Kuhl. This book is essential reading for all researchers, practitioners, coaches, educationalists, and students interested in motivating people.
In the article the interrelation between the economic identity and the professional self -determination of a person is analyzed. The property self-categorization, representations about polarization of incomes between rich and poor people, and the level of material claims, are considered to be indicators of economic-psychological status, a component of economic identity. The features of valuable orientations of the person, motivation of professional self- determination, and also the characteristics of the purposes of professional work and their means of achievement are considered to be the elements of professional self-determination. The results of empirical research confirmed the connections between the subjective economic-psychological status and the features of professional self-determination. These connections were statistically confirmed.
Our research was focused on young people’s moral self-determination based on different levels of self-regulation. The author’s theoretical model and methodical approach to self-determination study is presented. Self-determination implies active individual self-development, search of ones own existential position and the choice of decisions in problematic situations. The self-regulation phenomenon appears in planning and programming life goal achievements, taking into account significant external and internal conditions, estimation of results and correcting ones’ own activity for subjective-acceptable result achievements, also it appears in the degrees of development and realization of self-organizing processes. The results have shown that young people with a medium level of self-regulation have a less positive moral position than people with high and low levels of self-regulation. For young men, the higher level of self-regulation corresponds to a more positive moral position in the case of separate conceptions of morality and moral strategies. But such regularity isn’t peculiar to young women.
This article describes the results of sociological research on estimation of condition and development prospects of federalism in Russia, which was conducted by ZIRCON Research Group in January - May 2011. The opinion of population and elite groups of four regions about the foundations of Russian federalism development, administrative-territorial system of the Russian Federation and its principles, relations between subjects-regions and federative centre is presented. The results of the research indicate that at the moment a request for political and administrative autonomy of the subjects of the Federation is not obviously formulated by either citizens or regional elite groups. Regional identity is not a common phenomenon. The authors mark out necessary factors of federalism development: expansion of economic self-dependence of regions, existence of ethno-national or regional identity of citizens, democratization and decentralization.
Psychotherapeutic practice calls for creating conceptions of autonomy, which can be utilized in work with clients. This article focuses on the psychotherapeutic approach called 'existential analysis and logotherapy' and makes explicit its ideas regarding autonomy. Specifically, the three key theoretical underpinnings of understanding and development of one's autonomy are described. It was shown that the existential-analytical practice is guided by the notions of 'person', dialogue/relatedness and phenomenology. The structural model of autonomy on the basis of existential analysis is discussed. It is argued that, although traditionally autonomy is strongly associated with the third fundamental motivation – the motivation to 'be oneself', this position is insufficient for practice. Thus, the central argument of the paper is that, from structural perspective, the useful way to address the issue of autonomy is to consider it as the interplay of the four fundamental existential motivations, described by A. Längle. Therefore, the process of maintaining of autonomy includes four different kinds of affirmation. The person says ‘yes’ to his or her subjective reality, own feelings, uniqueness and distinctiveness, and agentive presence in others and in the world. The paper also provides illustrations from psychotherapeutic practice to justify this standpoint.
The monograph is devoted to research of motivating innovation activities. This topic is especially relevant nowadays when there is a tendency towards activation of companies' innovation activities, increase in expenses on technological innovations and growth of innovative companies in Russia. Not all Russian innovative companies realize the necessity of improving employee management system, which requires determination of employee motivation towards innovation activities and development of an incentive system. For coping with the outlined problem, the authors discuss the existing employee stimulation types, used by Russian companies in the innovation environment. In addition, implication of different types of employee stimulation are considered for increasing innovation activities. The authors have developed a methodological approach to study motivation of innovation activities in Russian companies. This approach is based on Herzberg's theory, certain provisions of Russian and foreign approaches regarding remuneration, especially, the experience of Japanese companies aimed at stimulation of employee innovative behavior. The research results are based not only on the analysis of Russian and foreign literature, but also on the results of the empirical study. The main point of this monograph is that the obtained results led to a number of practical recommendations for top-managers and heads of human resource management departments of Russian innovation companies. The monograph contains guidelines for top-managers, including recommendations on career, social, and material incentives. The proposed ideas are not restricted only to employee stimulation and incentive types. The authors have also summarized the recommendations for top-managers and discussed them in details.