Борис Эйхенбаум: От устройства текста к строительству быта
The article illustrates the explicit and implicit correlations between general notions of Russian formalism and its latest subversions in Lectures on Structuralist Poetics by Yuri Lotman. Declared as a manifesto of new approaches to literary structure (above all, verse), Lotman’s work contains a lot of conceptual revisions of formalism, at the same time presenting itself as its successful overcoming. The strong demand to negate all predecessors was canonized by the formalists themselves and, as it is seen in Lotman’s arguments, remained actual for further philological generations.
The chapter of the classbook published within the study program of Ural Federal University in Yekaterinburg tells about the ways of Viktor Shklovsky - a founder of the formalist school in Russian Literary Theory, an extravagant writer and essayist, who was on the forefront of the Soviet literature in the 1920s.
The article analyzes the possibilities of the investigation of the Eikhanbaum’s diaries as a historical source. The extant Eikhenbaum’s notebooks are also involved in the corps of the Eikhenbaum’s diaries. The Eikhenbaum’s diaries are suggested to be a kind of the professional science diaries.