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Book chapter

Scientists’ Careers: Factors of Development and Turning Points in the Context of Reforms in Russia

P. 235-245.
Popova I. P.
The paper presents data of longitudinal research conducted during two stages within two international projects - with support of INTAS (1999-2001) and RCSF (2010) - among groups of Russian population, which affected intensive social transformation. One of them - the group of scientists from institutes of Russian academy of sciences (the sphere of natural sciences).In the focus of attention - changes of the careers of Russian scientists, formation of different types of activity in sciences, on the one hand, and escape from the sphere of scientific activity, on the other. We are focusing our attention on the turning points, or moments of crisis in the trajectories of professional careers of the respondents during more than 10 years. One of the research questions is - what types of prospects for professional development are created by changing patterns and structures of scientific careers.The methodological basis for the analysis is an approach utilized in biographical research that examines the importance of studying socio-historical context in shaping of social structures through the biographies of people. The content-analysis of qualitative interviews is used, there are 23 interviews in 2001 and 19 in 2010 with the same persons.