From Integration to Interpretation: Translating for STI into Strategies
This book develops foresight techniques to turn future societal challenges into opportunities. The authors present foresight approaches for innovation policy and management. Future developments in fields such as education, energy, new materials, nanotechnologies are highlighted for different countries. Readers will discover tools and instruments to capture the potentials of the grand societal challenges as defined by the United Nations. This book is a valuable resource for researchers and scholars with an interest in foresight methods and gives practical hints for policy makers and managers to take account of the grand opportunities in their business and policy strategies.
The article reports on a study of the prosodic characteristics of academic public presentation.
Decision-makers at all levels are being confronted with novel complexities and uncertainties and face long-term challenges which require foresight about long-term future prospects, assumptions, and strategies. This book explores how foresight studies can be systematically undertaken and used in this context. It explicates why and how methods like horizon scanning, scenario planning, and roadmapping should be applied when dealing with high levels of uncertainty. The scope of the book moves beyond “narrow” technology foresight, towards addressing systemic interrelations between social, technological, economic, environmental, and political systems. Applications of foresight tools to such fields as energy, cities, health, transportation, education, and sustainability are considered as well as enabling technologies including nano-, bio-, and information technologies and cognitive sciences. The approaches will be illustrated with specific actual cases.
This unique Handbook provides an in-depth overview of the themes and direction of science, technology, innovation, and public policy in an increasingly globalized world. Leading authorities discuss current debates, research issues, and prospects, and present a foundation for the development of global policy.Presents a state-of-the-art overview of science, technology, and innovation in the context of globalization and global policy Offers an accessible introduction for students, researchers, and policy makers in the fields of economics, sociology, political science, business studies, global studies, and international relations Addresses emerging issues and provides clear policy implications and analysis in each chapter Includes crucial coverage of the activities of established and emerging geographical areas Explores the ways in which reforms in intellectual property rights and world trade have been affected by the increasingly international flows of knowledge, technology, and innovation Examines major policy trends, including a significant shift toward private scientific research, and a heightened awareness amongst policy-makers of the economic and technological impact of scientific activity
Characteristic features of behavior of mothers on Russian labor market are considered. The epochs in focus consist of the 1990-s and relative "capitalist staility" of the 2000s. The data also allows for some retrospective evaluations concerning how women combined motherhood and work in previous epochs, startinf from the 1940s. Main results consist in the finding that in the 1990s and 2000s motherhood happened in the condition of gradually weakening institutional support, while personal responsibility was increasing. Need for informal large family and other social support was becoming more and more welcomed, but these ties did not reinforce to the degree, required by weakening institutions. Mothers orientation at participation in labor marked was always strong and stable, independently on their views concerning woman role in the family and society. Mothers' adaptation to always changing conditions was unavoidably flexible and required intense efforts in combining home and paid work.
The paper investigates possible ways to take into account risks, caused by uncertain factors, using the problem of optimal deposit diversification as an applied example. It is assumed that the investor (Decision Maker - DM) does not know future exchange rates at the end of the deposit period, and focuses only on some limits of their possible changes. Solution for this problem of decision-making under uncertainty depends on DM’s attitude to the risk\income. Various solutions - optimal with respect to guaranteed income, optimal with respect to guaranteed risk (Savage minimax regret solution), as well as a solution of a multiple-criteria problem with two criteria of equal importance, namely, risk and income, are obtained.
Keywords: Deposit Diversification, Uncertainty, Utility Function, Strategies, Outcomes, Risk by Savage, Multiple-Criteria Problems, Pareto Optimality.