An Arithmetization of Logical Oppositions
An arithmetic theory of oppositions is devised by comparing expressions, Boolean bitstrings, and integers. This leads to a set of correspondences between three domains of investigation, namely: logic, geometry, and arithmetic. The structural properties of each area are investigated in turn, before justifying the procedure as a whole. To finish, I show how this helps to improve the logical calculus of oppositions, through the consideration of corresponding operations between integers.
We introduce a new compression scheme for high-dimensional vectors that approximates the vectors using sums of M codewords coming from M different codebooks. We show that the proposed scheme permits efficient distance and scalar product computations between compressed and uncompressed vectors. We further suggest vector encoding and codebook learning algorithms that can minimize the coding error within the proposed scheme. In the experiments, we demonstrate that the proposed compression can be used instead of or together with product quantization. Compared to product quantization and its optimized versions, the proposed compression approach leads to lower coding approximation errors, higher accuracy of approximate nearest neighbor search in the datasets of visual descriptors, and lower image classification error, whenever the classifiers are learned on or applied to compressed vectors.
The political process is as an interaction between power and resistance for the right to the presence in the political discourse and determine its agenda. This reaction is carried out with varying degrees of success, both for power and resistance equally competing for resources. The development of the political process shows that the constant change can occur disposition "power - resistance", indicating that the dynamic nature of the policy and demonstrates the variability of the political landscape.
Separating codes have been used in many areas as diverse as automata synthesis, technical diagnosis and traitor tracing schemes. In this paper, we study a weak version of separating codes called almost separating codes. More precisely, we derive lower bounds on the rate of almost separating codes. From the main result it is seen that the lower bounds on the rate for almost separating codes are greater than the currently known lower bounds for ordinary separating codes. Moreover, we also show how almost separating codes can be used to construct a family of fingerprinting codes.
The publication includes articles related to International scientific and practical conference dedicated to the interaction of the ruling elite and the systemic opposition in modern Russia and abroad, which was held in the Volga Institute of Management named after PA Stolypin (Saratov), 5-6 September 2012
The article represents some key theoretical and legal aspects of the opposition phenomenon in stable democracies and transitional regimes regarding such items as the formation of political parties, legal regulation, forms and methods of the opposition activity in contemporary Russian political debates.
The author, who is one of the architectures of the «500 Days Reform», finds that no results expected from our institutional transformations made over the 2000th could be observed. He also thinks that Russia is to experience the slow evolutionary transformations which would be accompanied with conflicts of opposites, and compromises with oppositions would be inevitable.
The paper discusses the principle of opposition as a way of understanding personality that is peculiar to European thought. This principle finds its conceptual foundations in dialectic phylosophy, depth psychology, and in the theory of vital relationships of personality developed by E.B. Starovoitenko. The opposition principle is considered within the context of general personology, and the possibilities of its application to state and develop new problems of personality research by means of synthesizing theory, hermeneutics, and practices of personology. The author describes the ontological, gnoseological, and reflexive phenomenological 'modes' of existence of oppositions in personality life. Results of a qualitative hermeneutic study of personality attitudes to the oppositions of life are presented. Intuitive ways of dealing with oppositions are reconstructed on the basis of European and Russian fairy-tales and described. The problem of the as a subject of attitude to oppositions in life is stated.
The political process is a constant interaction between the power and opposition. The political process is a constant clash between the formal and informal, between direct speech and metaphors. Power always makes sense only if there is resistance. The power resistance is balanced in favor of its dialectical opposition. Practice protests are taking place at all political regimes, but not always the possibility of resistance are similar. In some political systems interlocutor on government and realization of the right to revolt are an essential political and moral principle. In other cases, in dictatorships, the right to revolt conquered by a hard struggle, not always being efficient and not always getting massive. The author shows how, depending on the cultural traditions of the images may vary resistance. Indeed, the figure of the rebellious person differently perceived in the political landscape. The discourse of resistance can be filled by individual practitioners of dissent, as well as robust tradition of protest. Relations between the power and rebellious man shows and interpreted by the author in a variety of subjects belonging to different cultures. From the point of view of the author, in the practices of rebellious man in his quest for freedom and demonstrate their own position, you can find both special and general, is equally emphasizes the integrity of the political process.