Вокативно-аппозитивная конструкция в арабском литературном языке
This paper is devoted to vocative-appositive constructions in Arabic. It considers features of the vocative particle يا and its interaction with different types of contexts. Appositive phrase in Arabic is discussed according to its structure and distributional capabilities. Basic possibilities of combining the vocative particle with the appositive constructions are considered.
The article grounds the necessity of delimiting in French language coordination, as a syntactic connection between one function or different function parts of the sentence by means of coordinative conjunctions, and grammar homogeneity relating the parts of the sentence which not only perform the same syntactic function but are also subordinated to the common part of the sentence.
The article presents the history of the Longman dictionary that has become a bestseller all over the world. Revealing the translation of the lexicographic idea into practice, the author tells us about the scholarly disputes that accompanied the development of the principles of a new type of English dictionary.
The article is devoted to the analysis of logico-semantic functions of the relators et, mais, ou, ni forming the system of coordinative conjunctions in French. The criteria permitting to separate them from other connective elements are their capability to participate in the construction of gramatically homogeneous series as well of compound sentences where the subject of the second clause is not expressed.
This book is a collection of articles dealing with various aspects of grammatical relations and argument structure in the languages of Europe and North and Central Asia (LENCA). Topics covered with respect to individual languages are: split-intransitivity (Basque), causativization (Agul), transitives and causatives (Korean and Japanese), aspectual domain and quantification (Finnish and Udmurt), head-marking principles (Athabaskan languages), and pragmatics (Eastern Khanty and Xibe). Typology of argument-structure properties of ‘give’ (LENCA), typology of agreement systems, asymmetry in argument structure, typology of the Amdo Sprachbund, spatial realtors (Northeastern Turkic), core argument patterns (languages of Northern California), and typology of grammatical relations (LENCA) are the topics of articles based on cross-linguistic data. The broad empirical sweep and the fine-tuned theoretical analysis highlight the central role of argument structure and grammatical relations with respect to a plethora of linguistic phenomena.
This chapter examines the neurophysiological plausibility of some of the claims of Construction Grammar with regard to syntactic structures. It suggests that evidence from neuroscience has highly important repercussions for linguistic theory building in general and argues that the constructionist enterprise receives considerable empirical support from neurolinguistic studies. The chapter examines views on the embodiment of grammar in neuronal circuitry and contends that neurological evidence indicates that it makes sense to postulate flexible constructional templates as distinct from lexical construction storage.
The volume presents several papers on Mehweb, a one-village language spoken in the central part of Daghestan, a republic of the Russian Federation.