Музейный предмет и музейная экспозиция в структуре актуального исторического знания
Discusses the problems of a museum object as a historical source in the system of information resources of historical science and space of “museum history” in the structure of actual historical knowledge. It also reveals the impact of the transformation of social and cultural situations, social change request to the historical knowledge and, accordingly, modification of the relationship between the “museum history” and historical knowledge in general. Examines the impact of the transformation of the epistemological situation to engage in scientific circulation of visual material as historical sources – museum objects. Analyzed the museum exhibition as a form of representation of history in the historical context of the relation of science and socially oriented research.
This is a review article on Artemy Magun’s book «Unity and loneliness» (Moscow: New Literary Review, 2011). The main research principles of the author are critically analysed. His book is viewed as an important contribution to the Russian political philosophy, however, there are some places in the book that should be discussed or rewritten more thoroughly.
The proceedings of the annual conference devoted to N.A.Nekrasov' work, its reception and historical and literary context, the estate as a cultural phenomenon, Karabikha as a museum and different aspects of literary museums' existence
Th e article is devoted to the secondary nomination. The essence of the act of nomination is to fi x the communication of the subject and name, the phenomenon and its designation, the structures of the consciousness and its object. Man picks the right means of nomination when forms a notion of an object or phenomenon. The results showed that one of the types of secondary nomination is a semantic transposition, which does not change the material appearance of rethoughtful unit and leads to formation of its new value, i.e. for multiple purposes, namely, to metaphor, in particular, an anthropomorphic comparison.
Formation of democratic societies of the Western type presupposes appearance on the historical scene of a new strong actor - the bourgeois class: "No bourgeoisie, no democracy" (Barrington Moore). The articulation and defense of vital interests of that class creates a new social space - "the bourgeois public sphere" which helps to make up "counterbalance" to absolutism of a corporate state - a civil society, the core of which is composed by public opinion. In the confrontation between the authorities and society one of the most important roles is played by the press that provides free debate and discussion of generally valid problems, especially economic and political. The recognition of the mass media role was stamped in its characterization in XIII century as "the fourth power". Technological development of the media incredibly expanded its functions, turning journalists into creating informational analogue of reality, saturating daily life with new meanings. Methods of the representation of reality, the specific nature of political influence of journalists - key members of the reflexive elites (Helmut Shelski), are the themes of this article.
Публичная сфера, журналистика, четвертая власть, порядки знания, Повседневность, научное и повседневное знание, экспертиза, Репрезентация, public sphere, journalism, fourth estate, orders of knowledge, Everyday life, scientific and everyday knowledge, Expertise, representation
The review supports the efforts of the "Geographies of Mobilities" to develop meso- and micro- perspectives in Mobilties Studies. This rapidly growing field has been occupied mostly by macro theories focusing mostly on institutions or infrastructure of mobility and thus deminishing the significance of the everyday mobile practices and activities of the mobile subjects. Enhanced by the manifestos of non-representational/more-than-representational geographies as well as by the theories of representation, the authors consider the variety of moving subjects and technologies of movement as well as places and practices that shape the mobility and are shaped by it.