Дружественный дом – моральные жильцы?
The article is devoted to the investigation on the connections between the home representation and moral motives level in youth. The following hypotheses were examined: 1) the higher is the home environment friendliness the stronger are inhabitants' moral motives 2) this connection is moderated by gender. 550 students (25% males) of different trades participated in the survey (Mage=20,6, SDage=2,3. To assess their home representations, multi-scale questionnaires the Functionality of the home environment and the Relevance of the home environment were used (Nartova-Bochaver et al., 2015, 2017), to examine the moral motives level the Moral Motives Model (MMM) scale was used (Janoff-Bulman, Carnes, 2013). It is found that the friendliness of the home environment is really connected with moral motives but the multi-regression analysis showed their different directions depending on gender: whereas in males, friendly home contributed to the high moral motives level, in females, on contrast, moral motives contributed to the development of the friendly home representation. Results are discussed taking into consideration routine techniques of the home personalization and horizons of the home image actualization.
The study is aimed at investigating the connection between the friendliness of the home environment and the moral motives’ level. The friendliness of the home environment includes two aspects: the number of functions provided by home (functionality) and the congruence of these functions with inhabitants’ needs (relevance). The theoretical framework of the study was formed by research and ideas emphasizing the interplay between people and their environments. We hypothesized that the friendliness of the home environment and inhabitants’ moral motives would have a reciprocal relationship: the friendlier the home the higher the inhabitants’ moral motives’ level, and, vice versa, the higher the person’s moral motives’ level the more positive home image. The respondents were 550 students (25% male). The Home Environment Functionality Questionnaire, the Home Environment Relevance Questionnaire, and the Moral Motivation Model Scale were used. As expected, it was found that the friendliness of the home environment and the inhabitants’ moral motives are in reciprocal synergetic relationships. Relevance formed more nuanced correlation patterns with moral motives than functionality did. Functionality predicted moral motives poorly whereas moral motives predicted functionality strongly. Finally, relevance and moral motives were found to be in mutual relationships whereas the perceived functionality was predicted by moral motives only.
The importance to study and evaluate living environments, particularly home environments is discussed. It is noted that home (exactly dwelling) is a crucial environmental and social resource to maintain psychological well-being. The concept of friendliness of the home environment is introduced. Based on the theoretical review as well as using the laddering interview, the actualization constructs technique (G. Kelly’s minimum context method) and the endless sentences method there were identified 55 constructs underlying developed by authors questionnaire ‘Functionality of dwelling environment’. In total, 592 respondents participated in the survey (221 male, 371 female, with average age of 16.3, Me = 18.4, SD = 5.2). The four factor structure of the questionnaire fits empiric data best and consists of 4 scales: Usability, Development, Stability and Security. The primary psychometric characteristics of the tool are described. The prospects of its application are sketched.
The relationships between characteristics of the home environment and settings of personal security in adolescence are examined. We proposed that the home environment predicted of personal security, and this relationship was moderated by gender and living place. In total, 571 students of different faculties of the Moscow universities (Mage=19,8, SDage=3,2, 121 a young man, approximately half from the regions) participated in the study. Seven questionnaires were used. It was found that young Muscovites males and girls from the regions were the most susceptible to supporting features of their habitat, and the young men living in the dormitory used the possible home support at the least.