Теория справедливой войны Джона Ролза в контексте его общей теории справедливости: проблемы и перспективы применения
This paper outlines the most essential aspects of John Rawl s’s just war theory. During this research we will consider the correlation between his common theory of justice, which was shown by Rawls in his “A theory of Jusice”, and his just war theory, which is a part of Rawls’s book “The law of nations”. We will an alyze the problems of Rawls’s understanding of justice and we will mark some perspectives of this theory in the modern world.
Kashnikov B., Kumankov A. СПб. : Алетейя, 2016
, Just War Theory as War, Justice and Theory / Издательский дом НИУ ВШЭ. Series WP "Working Papers of Humanities". 2014. No. 03.
The Just War Theory is one of the most rapidly progressing theoris of practical ethics. The theory outscored Realism, which reigned supreme as a normative philosophy of war for decades. Unlike Realism JWT strives to provide moral justification for wars. Like any other theory, the theory is based on a number of widely shared assumptions, ...
Added: April 29, 2014
, , in : Nonviolence as a Way of Life: History, Theory, Practice. History, Theory, Practice. Vol. 1: Volume 1.: Motilal Banarsidass Publisher, 2017. Ch. 18. P. 271-296.
Violence is the major threat to civilization. Since the monopoly on violence belongs to political states, the core problem is the excessive violence of the states. There are two aspects to this problem: violence toward the citizens of the state, and violence toward other states. The author treats these two facets of violence as two ...
Added: November 7, 2015
, В кн. : Проблематика войны в гуманитарных науках. : СПб. : Алетейя, 2017.
War is unique cultural phenomenon, which is commom for all human history. XXth century revealed new kind of wars - world wars, which brings more destructions than all wars in the past. Today we have anoher one new kind of wars - hybrid wars. Looking on the past experience, we don't have presupossitions that these ...
Added: December 14, 2016
, Сократ 2011 № 3 С. 146-149
В VI книге "Государства" Платон обращает внимание безрадостное существование неких немногих "добродетельных граждан" в обычном государстве: "По отношению к государству положение самых порядочных людей настолько тяжелое, что ничего не может быть хуже" (Государство, 488). Почему добродетель этих граждан не может найти согласия с существующим государственным порядком? Почему законопослушный и добродетельный гражданин становится жертвой собственного государства? ...
Added: March 31, 2011
, Философские науки 2019 Т. 62 № 3 С. 77-96
Law as a Model for Solving Ethical Issues The author discusses the thesis proposed by H. Hazlitt that jurisprudence has developed such methods and principles of solving legal problems that could also serve as a guide in solving ethical problems. The article critically reviews the reasoning behind this thesis made by H. Hazlitt and L. Yeager. ...
Added: June 25, 2019
, Вопросы философии 2020 № 2 С. 14-25
The ongoing current transformation of war is different from the transformations of the past not only in scope, but also in its meaning and profoundness. This transformation is comparable only to the profound transformation, which was taking place at the dawn of Modernity and led to the emergence of the sovereign states. The contemporary transformation is triggered by the ...
Added: March 12, 2020
, Российский научный журнал 2011 № 20 С. 83-94
The Private Military Companies (PMC) become more and more active in contemporary warfare, which is especially true of the United States of America. The Private Military Companies are also very important enterprises of contemporary economy, which grow rapidly. The rapid growth of PMC causes many problems. The article deals with some moral and political problems ...
Added: September 14, 2012
, Этическая мысль 2019 Т. 19 № 2 С. 152-167
The article contains investigation and critique of the foundations of the contemporary just war theory. The foundations are culture specific and do not possess the necessary character traits of the universal ethical theory. The major theses of the article are the following: The contemporary war cannot be just, but can be justified. The contemporary just war theory ...
Added: December 9, 2019
, Boston, Leiden : Brill, Nijhoff, 2017
Most books and articles still treat leadership and ethics as related though separate phenomena. This edited volume is an exception to that rule, and explicitly treats leadership and ethics as a single domain. Clearly, ethics is an aspect of leadership, and not a distinct approach that exists alongside other approaches to leadership. This holds especially ...
Added: November 8, 2015
, Общественные науки и современность 2012 № 5 С. 71-88
In article mass ideas of Russians on justice in comparison with similar representations of citizens of the USA, Germany and China are investigated. Having placed ideas of justice in the general ideological context, the author allocates their speciﬁcs both in consistently liberal, and in consistently right authoritative zones. It is noted that many estimates don't ...
Added: December 7, 2012
, , Военно-юридический журнал 2014 № 7 С. 21-32
Victory should be regarded as a military version of a success. There is a difference between the content and meaning of victory. The contemporary transformation of war is dramatically shifting the meaning of victory. The normative conceptions of war, such as pacifism, militarism, realism and just war theory have their own conceptions of meaning and ...
Added: April 29, 2014
, , in : Nonviolence - Practical Applications and Theoretical Foundations. : Boston : Lexington Press, 2014.
Added: April 16, 2014
Военная мощь в мировой политике: для победы в войне, для предотвращения войны и (или) для обретения статуса?
, , , Международные процессы 2018 Т. 16 № 2 (53) С. 26-48
The end of the Cold War greatly contributed to the spread of thesis that the military power as a means of achieving states' goals within the rules and institutions based global liberal order had become completely obsolete. Indeed, the number of direct military engagements among nations (interstate wars) has been on its historically lowest level ...
Added: December 19, 2018
, Социологическое обозрение 2009 Т. 8 № 3 С. 102-112
Hobbesian philosophy holds the attention of the researches up to now. The most discussable questions are the following ones: 1. Whether the philosophy of Hobbes is to be considered in relation to his physics and metaphysics or it is an autonomous area of contemplation? 2. Is the philosophy of Hobbes immanently intelligible, as a system ...
Added: February 10, 2013
, Вопросы государственного и муниципального управления 2019 № 1 С. 136-159
Ensuring sustainable socio-economic development of Russia is largely associated with governance based on law. This relationship is not easy to detect and ensure due to the diversity of management development, despite the nomination of strategic goals, there are deviations in the legal sphere from the established goals and principles of legal regulation. The article is ...
Added: June 18, 2019
, , in : Emerging Military Technologies. Ethical and Legal Perspectives. : Brill, 2022. Ch. 10. P. 158-170.
What I call “humanitarian terrorism” is a terrorism of self-proclaimed humanitarian goals and self-imposed constraints on means. The course of this terrorism is ardently just and the means are limited to targeted killings of culpable individuals. This terrorism is the product of the enlightenment; it has emerged by the end of the 18th century and ...
Added: June 15, 2022
, Вестник молодых ученых 2013 № 3
In this paper we analyzed Machiavelli’s tale «Belfagor arcidiavolo». We tried to rediscover the political ideas, which was hided in this tale. The most interpreters of Machiavelli’s philosophy ignore this work, however, it very important for understanding of Machiavelli’s philosophy. In this research we will show the importance of this Machiavelli’s work and its political ...
Added: December 12, 2013
, В кн. : Философия. Язык. Культура. Вып. 6.: СПб. : Алетейя, 2015. Гл. 25. С. 312-328.
This paper deals with the normative problems of the transformation of war. Victory deems impossible for the contemporary war and the normative concept of victory by and large becomes vague and void. This inference is proved by means of normative analysis of the concept of victory, which includes motives, means and ends of the victorious ...
Added: March 15, 2016
Кто вы, мадам теневая экономика: ложка дегтя в бочке меда или бочка дегтя с ложкой благих намерений?
, Вопросы правоведения 2015 № 4(32) С. 69-90
The causes and prevention measures of the shadow economy, are herein analyzed as well as corruption covering there of. A particular emphasis is placed on the eliminating, restricting and blocking of such factors of the said phenomena as other shadow phenomena prodused thereby, including in politics, state, law, culture, education and science. There are described ...
Added: March 14, 2016
, , М. : Эксмо, 2022
Эта книга представляет собой курс истории государства и права России. Она содержит глоссарии, схемы и таблицы по всем разделам курса, а также полную базу источников — с помощью QR-кодов авторы включили в нее тексты важнейших исторических актов, характеризующих становление отечественного государства и права. Книга рассчитана на широкий круг изучающих право и поможет постичь его исторические ...
Added: January 10, 2022
, Сравнительное конституционное обозрение 2012 № 2(87) С. 14-33
Should the loyal citizen obey unlawful laws? What is the relationship between positive law and justice in the context of rapid social change? By which criteria are we to appreciate them? What are the views of professional lawyers, as well as those of different political opinions: conservatives, liberals, and 'left-wingers'? To clarify the unsolved character ...
Added: November 27, 2012
, , , L. : Continuum, 2007
Terrorism poses an undeniable threat to societies throughout the world today. Martyr terrorism, the latest growing form of terrorist activity, and arguably the most effective, has become a regular occurrence. But how has terrorist activity evolved in the last 100 years, and what are the ethical costs of terrorism? In this informative book, three philosophers, ...
Added: October 13, 2012
Право кавказской цивилизации: истоки,особенности, мировой значение (К 150-летию окончания Кавказской войны): Материалы IV Международнойнаучно-практической конференции / Отв. ред. и сост. Д.Ю.Шапсугов. Ростов-на-Дону. Издательство ООО "Альтаир". 2015. 306 с.
Ростов н/Д : [б.и.], 2015
Сборник включает тексты выступлений участников научно-практической конференции, в которых анализируются цивилизационные особенности процессов формирования и функционирования государственности и права народов Кавказа и адекватные им технологии познания ...
Added: May 27, 2015
, , in : The plurality of justice. : Bochum : Ruhr-Universitat Publishing House, 2014.
The article deals with the problem of social justice. Justice is generally regarded as the first virtue of social institutions. Any political society may be more or less just. The contemporary theory of justice is comprised of a number of competing doctrines belonging to John Rawls, Robert Nozick, David Gouthier and some other. In this ...
Added: April 19, 2014