Этика войны и мира: история и перспективы исследования
This work is dedicated to the identification the place of the question of war and revolution in the Arendt's political theory. Its aim is to reveal the Arendt’s understanding of war and revolution as political phenomena. For this purpose will be considered the questions: What can be regarded as a key feature of the political space in the philosophy of Arendt? What is the role of the concept of violence in the problem of the distinguishing between war and revolution? What conditions of revolution do realize its potentiality to be a political action? What are the main distinctions between French and American Revolution? What aspects of total war are in the philosophy of Arendt?
This article studied the role of rulers’ honor to the relations between Russia and Sweden in 16th century. According to Posolskie books it is possible to understand that honor played an important role in these relations, the insult of ruler could become a casus belli, but some ambassadors could pretend to be humble if they wanted to achieve political goals.
The article deals with the concept of just cause as it is interpreted in just war theory. The author examines the genealogy of just causes in the Christian and modern just war theory. Ideas of Augustine, Aquinas, Vitoria and Grotius are compared in order to demonstrate what was understood as a valid foundation of the use of force in different periods. Then the author determines just causes in accordance with the thoughts of contemporary just war authors. The article ends with the criticism of the moral arguments for the new just causes proposed by just war theorists of our days.
This article considers a correspondence between I. Kant's political philosophy and the principles of just war theory - jus ad bellum and jus in bello. The main aim of this article - to demonstrate that Kant's political philosophy does not exclude fundamental principles of just war theory and, despite their presence, he is not a theorist of the concept of just war because he sticks to the position of sceptical pacifism.
The paper deals with weak and strong points of paradigms clash of civilizations of Samuel Huntington and new wars of Mary Kaldor. The main aspects of both concepts about the peacemaking and generation and features of conflicts are given. Investigation shows that Huntington’s paradigm has great potential to predict possible clashes, but Kaldor’s concept is more convenient to understand and deal with them.
This paper outlines the most essential aspects of John Rawl s’s just war theory. During this research we will consider the correlation between his common theory of justice, which was shown by Rawls in his “A theory of Jusice”, and his just war theory, which is a part of Rawls’s book “The law of nations”. We will an alyze the problems of Rawls’s understanding of justice and we will mark some perspectives of this theory in the modern world.