Социальное знание и социальная теория: от социологии знания к когнитивной социологии
The chapter presents the results of preliminary historical-sociological reconstruction of main stages of cognitive sociology development. The principal research projects in the field are analyzed – starting from ideas of H. Spencer, S. Patten, and Charles A. Elwood through ideas of the classical sociology of knowledge and social phenomenology to contemporary social scientists developing such diverse projects of sociology as a cognitive neuroscience (S. Turner), experimental philosophy (J. Knobe et al.), “social mindscapes” studies (E. Zerubavel), etc. The growing importance of efforts in elaborating the interdisciplinary project of theorizing and empirical research in the nature and mechanisms of ordinary social knowledge, folk social science, is demonstrated. The chapter reveals the connectedness of these efforts to the social scientists’ increasing awareness of the constitutive role of ordinary social knowledge not only for society itself but also for social sciences which try to study the former, and to the ever better understanding of “folk sociology” itself.