Which Global Transformations would the Global Crisis Lead to?
This article analyzes the global causes of the contemporary crisis and the possibilities to eliminate the most acute problems that have generated this crisis. It analyzes both the negative role of the world financial flows and their important positive functions including the ‘insurance’ of social guaranties at the global scale. In connection with the outcome of the crisis it analyzes the conditions of possible transformations of the world system and the possibility of various global scripts of its near future. It gives a characteristic of the coming ‘epoch of new coalitions’; it gives some futuristic prognosis.
Time as a philosophical ontological category turns into thinking method in Arendt’s texts. The basis of this "transformation" is a redefining the Augustine’s terminology of time. This article focuses on the identification of the heritage Augustine thought about the concept of time in the philosophy of H. Arendt. It examines the mechanisms for the Augustinian time’s terminology in her papers - namely, the concepts of «hodiernus», «natalis» and the understanding of the time through the categories of "past", "future" and "present".
The article is devoted to the study of neologisms in advertising English and German discourse. The primary aim of the research was to single out the main tendencies of the use of neologisms in modern authentic English and German advertisements; to find out common features and distinctions between them. The typical features of the advertising discourse on different levels were studied using the examples taken from English and German advertising. With the help of the classification suggested by John Algeo the most productive patterns of coining new words were singled out. In advertising English those are compounding, affixation, abbreviations and clippings; while German copywriters rely on affixation and borrowings. For that purpose more than twenty English and ten German printed magazines of different types were analyzed, including women-oriented magazines. It goes without saying that the results of the research contribute to the formation of cultural awareness of not only students but also linguists and may be used in teaching English and German in the classroom of intermediate and advanced learners of the language.
The semantic universals of estimates and color associations intervals of time and concepts of the past, present and future are described.
This article aims to identify the changes in institutions and discourses resulting from global/
local interaction in social work in today’s Russia. We consider the contribution of international
co-operation to the development of local institutions and discourses, focusing on emerging
discrepancies and contradictions between international and local actors. Based on a review of
relevant literature and mass media, survey data and interviews with social workers and managers
in an industrial region of Russia, we conclude that when global social work values are embedded
in local traditions, it can support the development of social work in Russia.
In the age of globalisation which broadly means international interaction the idea of global communication comes to the front. Communicating globally implies using intercultural links and involves cultural knowledge of business counterparts as an integral part of global interaction. Language media being an essential tool of global interaction facilitate the process of business communication provided that certain guidelines are taken into consideration.
The present volume is the fourth issue of the Almanac series entitled ‘Evolution’. Thus, one can maintain that our Almanac, which has actually turned into a Yearbook, has succeeded (see below).
The title of the present volume is ‘From Big Bang to Nanorobots’. In this way we demonstrate that all phases of megaevolution and Big History are covered in the articles of the present Yearbook. Several articles also present forecasts about possible future developments.
This yearbook is the fourth in the series with the title Globalistics and Globalization Studies. The subtitle of the present volume is Global History & Big History. The point is that today our global world really demands global knowledge. Thus, there are a few actively developing multidisciplinary approaches and integral disciplines among which one can name Global Studies, Global History and Big History. They all provide a connection between the past, present, and future. Big History with its vast and extremely heterogeneous field of research encompasses all the forms of existence and all timescales and brings together constantly updated information from the scientific disciplines and the humanities. Global History is transnational or world history which examines history from a global perspective, making a wide use of comparative history and of the history of multiple cultures and nations. Global Studies express the view of systemic and epistemological unity of global processes. Thus, one may argue that Global Studies and Globalistics can well be combined with Global History and Big History and such a multi-disciplinary approach can open wide horizons for the modern university education as it helps to form a global view of various processes.
The book pursues the following three aims:
• First and foremost, we want to help conceptualize the Arctic as a multifaceted region within a changing global context, which is both affected by it and affecting it.
• Secondly, we aim to describe the major drivers of these GlobalArctic dynamics; namely, ecological changes, changes in resources extraction practices and corresponding infrastructure development, including urbanization, as well as changes in geopolitical configurations, and changes in Arctic economies, societies and cultures.
• Thirdly, we aim to define, analyze, and discuss concrete ways to address these changes in the GlobalArctic, including mitigation, adaptation, and resiliencebuilding. The purpose is to offer the relevant GlobalArctic stakeholders innovative approaches, methods, best practices, and solutions to address these unprecedented dynamics. Here the GlobalArctic is a (new) geopolitical context.