The image of the provincial Russian cities: 12-year cycle of transformation (2002 - 2014)
The presented study was focused on the features of the city perception by provincial citizens and was based on qualitative methods
The article presents the results of research carried out under the grant 14-03-00617 RHSF "Regional identity in terms of socio-economic changes (for example, the Nizhny Novgorod Region, 2002 - 2014 years)."
As a life space an urban settlement has its own content for citizens. One of elements and features are accentuated while others are out of focus of attention. The hole subjectively formed image influence the attitude to the city, the status of its resident and sets of social activeness. In the article there are results of the research on the content of inside image Nizhny Novgorod: its elements and the most meaningful features as citizens define them.
The increasing influence of international starchitects on the urbanscapes worldwide has been the subject of academic research from perspectives of urban economies (Nueno and Reutskaya, 2009), globalization process Adam (2008) and urban identity (Ponzini, 2012; Klingman, 2007). The long-lasting legacy and positive impact of the Guggenheim museum or the Sidney Opera on their hosting cities continue to fuel academic discussions on the strategic use of architecture as an urban catalyst for social and economic transformation.
Japanese architects usually play a starring role in creating singular landmarks in world cities, stating a disruptive approach to urban architecture combining their unique simplicity and futuristic style. Their unorthodox attitude to deal with form, scape, and technology attracts worldwide attraction and never goes unnoticed rating from ‘mesmerizing’ to ‘ridiculous’. Working in non-Japan cities they deal not only with other construction culture but with a different climate, cityscape, history, even with a different attitude to color, form or sound. Otherwise, they inevitably interpolate their Japanese attitude into this different context.
While most European cities have singular buildings of Japanese artists, there are just a few examples of the Japanese architecture in Madrid. These projects were developed in three different fields: commercial, cultural and social. A thematic floor of the Madrid 5 star hotel by Arata Isozaki (2004), a public garden project by Toyo Ito (2004) and a conference venue by Shigeru Ban (2013) are examples covered by the research. Besides, an unbuilt project for 'Expansion and re-planning of Prado Museum Competition’ made by Arata Isozaki in 1995 is also to be reviewed. Qualitative research methods are used for gathering information and relevant insights.
This paper focuses on the analysis of the initial purpose, real evolution, perceptions and implications of these unique samples of Japanese architectural and design thinking on the Madrid urbanscape.
The notion of city image is connected with social city space and collective identity. We construct the space around us associating it with meaningful events from our lives or from wider historical and cultural context. The space begins to make sense for us only after we describe it and put it in some storyline or even chronological outline. In this article we consider different approaches to the concept of the city image, analyse ways of its making and perception, and suggest comparing special levels of describing - iconic and everyday images of the city - and their transformation conditions. The particular attention is given to the reasons of existing and co-existing of various interpretations of the same space.