Управление электоральной конкуренцией и консолидация региональных политических режимов (на примере губернаторских выборов в Сибирском федеральном округе)
The article is devoted to the analysis of practices that ensure the victory of incumbent on gubernatorial elections in the Russian regions. The past electoral campaigns showed that the Federal center and regional authorities seek to minimize risk and eliminate the uncertainty. As a consequence, the apparent democratic elections are non-competitive. On gubernatorial elections «nested games» were actively used. The victory of incumbent is ensured through institutional mechanisms, such as the appointment of governor, the right to nominate candidates only by political parties, municipal filter, participation in elections technical candidates and spoilers.
This research highlights foundations of regional political regimes diversity. Article focuses on the processes of political transformation of the Volgograd region in the context of centralization of center-region relations in 2000th. Our findings indicate that institutionalized parties have crucial significance both for the region (oppositional, for resistance increasing) and for the federal center (pro-government, for controllability gaining). Also, the centralization processes inevitably associated with redistribution of resources become an additional factor the deviation from the original set of the federal center′s patterns in case of the elite cleavages.