Образовательная миграция абитуриентов региональных вузов: взаимосвязь академической успешности студента со средой его средней школы
The existing findings on the relationship between optimism and academic performance are rather contradictory. Two studies were undertaken to investigate thе relationship between attributional style, well-being, and academic performance. A new Russian-language measure of attributional style for positive and negative events (Gordeeva, Osin, Shevyakhova, 2009) with stability, globality, and controllability subscales was used. In the first study, optimistic attributional style for good events was associated with higher academic achievement in high school students (N=225) and mediated the effect of academic performance on self-esteem. In the second study, pessimistic attributional style for negative events predicted success in passing three difficult written entrance examinations in university entrants (N=108), and optimistic attributional style for good events predicted success with success expectations as a mediator. The results indicate that attributional styles for positive and negative events are not uniform in their relationship to performance in different academic settings and to well-being variables.
The paper compares some basic aspects of the national identity of Russian and American students. We have analyzed the views of the students at three leading Russian universities (MSU, MGIMO and NRU HSE) and at Princeton University (USA). The study is based on comparing of Russian students’ positions with those of the Princeton University’s students (USA). The paper consists of two articles. The first article published bellow includes the analysis of the students’ normative perceptions of their countries. The second one is devoted to the aspects of attitudes towards the country that render it an object of national identity (country favoritism, a level of criticism towards the country and a specificity of duty to the country fulfillment)